Human airway smooth muscle cells express eotaxin in response to signaling following mast cell contact.
ABSTRACT Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways. Mast-cell (MC)-derived cytokines may mediate both airway inflammation and remodeling. It has also been shown that airway smooth muscle cells (ASMC) can be a source of proinflammatory cytokines. In the human airways, MC-ASMC cell interactions may have pivotal effects on modulating inflammation.
We wanted to know whether the production of eotaxin, an important proinflammatory cytokine, through a cell-to-cell contact mechanism of human ASMC activation by MC was mediated by p38 MAPK.
We cocultured normal humanASMC with a human MC line (HMC-1) and assayed for the production of eotaxin.
When cultured together, human ASMC and HMC-1 contact induced eotaxin secretion. Separation of HMC-1 and human ASMC by a porous membrane inhibited this induction. Coculturing of human ASMC with HMC-1 induced increased expression of eotaxin gene mRNA. HMC-1-derived cellular membranes caused an increase in eotaxin production in human ASMC. Activation of p38 MAPK was also seen in cocultures by Western blot, whereas eotaxin production in cocultures was significantly inhibited by the p38 inhibitor SB203580.
These novel studies reveal the importance of cell-to-cell interactions in the complex milieu of airway inflammation.
- SourceAvailable from: Abdelilah Soussi Gounni
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ABSTRACT: B7-H2 is a ligand for the inducible costimulator (ICOS). The aim of this study was to examine the expression and function of B7-H2 in human airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells and compare them with those of CD40 or OX40 ligand (OX40L). Expression of B7-H2, CD40 and OX40L in ASM cells and their respective counterparts in T cells was analyzed by RT-PCR or flow cytometry. The modulating effect of polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly I:C) on expression of B7-H2, CD40 and OX40L was also examined. The function of these three molecules was evaluated by virtue of adhesion of anti-CD3-activated T cells, IL-6 and IL-8 production and DNA synthesis. ASM cells constitutively expressed B7-H2, CD40 and OX40L that mediated adhesion of activated T cells expressing ICOS, CD40L and OX40. ASM cells responded to poly I:C with upregulated expression of B7-H2, CD40 and OX40L and displayed enhanced adhesion of activated T cells. Functional analysis performed on untreated ASM cells showed that engagement of B7-H2 with ICOS-Ig clearly induced DNA synthesis, whereas that of CD40 or OX40L with trimeric CD40L or OX40-Ig greatly increased IL-6 and IL-8 production. These responses were enhanced in poly I:C-treated ASM cells. The data demonstrate that ASM cells express functionally active B7-H2, CD40 and OX40L and suggest that B7-H2-dependent signaling may play an active role in a proliferative response rather than in cytokine and chemokine production. In addition, the modulation of B7-H2, CD40 and OX40L expression and function by poly I:C may have important implications for the function of virus-infected ASM cells.Allergology International 09/2009; 58(4):573-83.
Article: Airway smooth muscle in asthma.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
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