Effects of culture conditions on the growth and auto-aggregation ability of vaginal Lactobacillus johnsonii CRL 1294.
ABSTRACT To evaluate the effects of different physico-chemical factors on the growth and auto-aggregating ability of vaginal Lactobacillus johnsonii CRL 1294.
L. johnsonii CRL 1294 was cultivated in different culture media, initial pH and temperature of incubation. The growth parameters were estimated by the Gompertz model, being optimal (higher final biomass and growth rate, and shorter lag phase) at an initial pH of 6.5 and at a temperature of 37 degrees C, both in LAPTg and MRS. The auto-aggregation ability, which was assessed by a model of exponential association, was evidenced in all the growth phases, being higher at pH 5 or 6.5.
The growth of L. johnsonii CRL 1294 was affected in different way by all the physico-chemical factors tested. However, the auto-aggregation ability increased mainly at low initial pH of growth media.
The auto-aggregation ability under different culture conditions of a vaginal Lactobacillus strain was systematically and statistically evaluated for the first time. The higher cellular aggregation evidenced at low pH could be a fundamental characteristic in the acidic vaginal environment to promote the protective role of lactobacilli.
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ABSTRACT: Urogenital infections affect millions of people every year worldwide. The treatment of these diseases usually requires the use of antimicrobial agents, and more recently, the use of probiotic lactic acid bacteria (LAB) cultures for the management of vaginal infections has been extensively studied. In this work, 11 vaginal lactobacilli isolates, previously obtained from healthy patients, were studied to screen microorganisms with probiotic properties against Candida spp. The LAB were tested for their ability of auto-aggregation, co-aggregation with C. albicans, C. glabrata, C. krusei, and C. tropicalis, adhesion to Caco-2 epithelial cells and production of lactic acid and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). All lactobacilli isolates tested were able to auto-aggregate (ranging from 25.3% to 75.4% assessed at 4 hours of incubation) and to co-aggregate with the four Candida species into different degrees; among them L. crispatus showed the highest scores of co-aggregation. The highest amount of lactic acid was produced by L. salivarius (13.9 g/l), followed by L. johnsonii (6.5 g/l), L. acidophilus (5.5 g/l), and L. jensenii (5.4 g/l). All isolates produced H2O2, but the highest levels (3 - 10 mg/l) were observed for L. acidophilus, L. crispatus, L. gasseri, L. johnsonii, and L. vaginalis. Only L. agilis, L. jensenii, L. johnsonii and L. ruminus were able to adhere to epithelial Caco-2 cells. Among the isolates evaluated, L agilis, L. jensenii, L. johnsonii, and L. ruminus exhibited simultaneously several desirable properties as potential probiotic strains justifying future studies to evaluate their technological properties in different pharmaceutical preparations for human use.Brazilian Journal of Microbiology 01/2010; 41(1):6-14. · 0.76 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The industrial use of lactic acid bacteria as probiotic cultures depends on the preservation techniques employed, which are required to guarantee stable cultures in terms of viability and functional activity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of 12% lactose and 12% sucrose suspended in water or reconstituted skim milk on the survival and expression of beneficial characteristics during freeze-drying and subsequent storage of 6 vaginal lactobacilli strains. A cubic polynomial model was also used for the first time to evaluate the effects of different protectors on survival behavior during storage. Different survival patterns were observed among the strains considered. The presence of both lactose and sucrose in water or in 6% skim milk as the suspension medium proved to be effective in maintaining a high degree of survival and expression of potentially probiotic characteristics (production of antimicrobial substances or auto-aggregation capabilities) of most strains after lyophilization and long-term storage. This study constitutes a valuable step to obtain concentrated cultures with the highest stability of microorganisms for pharmaceutical purposes.Canadian Journal of Microbiology 06/2009; 55(5):544-52. · 1.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Lactobacilli are important for the maintenance of a healthy ecosystem in the human vagina. Various mechanisms are postulated but so far poorly substantiated by molecular studies such as mutant analysis. Bacterial auto-aggregation is an interesting bacterial phenomenon, which can promote adhesion to host cells and displacement of pathogens. In this study, we report on the identification of a human vaginal isolate, Lactobacillus plantarum strain CMPG5300, which shows a high auto-aggregative and adhesive capacity. To investigate the importance of sortase-dependent proteins (SDPs) in these phenotypes, a gene deletion mutant was constructed for srtA, the gene encoding the housekeeping sortase that covalently anchors these SDPs to the cell surface. This mutant lost the capacity to auto-aggregate, showed a decrease in adhesion to vaginal epithelial cells and lost the biofilm forming capacity under the conditions tested. These results indicate that the housekeeping sortase SrtA of CMPG5300 is a key determinant of the peculiar surface properties of this vaginal Lactobacillus strain.Applied and Environmental Microbiology 05/2013; · 3.95 Impact Factor