Article

Molecular tuning of fast gating in pentameric ligand-gated ion channels.

Laboratoire Récepteurs et Cognition, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (Impact Factor: 9.81). 01/2006; 102(50):18207-12. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0509024102
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Neurotransmitters such as acetylcholine (ACh) and glycine mediate fast synaptic neurotransmission by activating pentameric ligand-gated ion channels (LGICs). These receptors are allosteric transmembrane proteins that rapidly convert chemical messages into electrical signals. Neurotransmitters activate LGICs by interacting with an extracellular agonist-binding domain (ECD), triggering a tertiary/quaternary conformational change in the protein that results in the fast opening of an ion pore domain (IPD). However, the molecular mechanism that determines the fast opening of LGICs remains elusive. Here, we show by combining whole-cell and single-channel recordings of recombinant chimeras between the ECD of alpha7 nicotinic receptor (nAChR) and the IPD of the glycine receptor (GlyR) that only two GlyR amino acid residues of loop 7 (Cys-loop) from the ECD and at most five alpha7 nAChR amino acid residues of the M2-M3 loop (2-3L) from the IPD control the fast activation rates of the alpha7/Gly chimera and WT GlyR. Mutual interactions of these residues at a critical pivot point between the agonist-binding site and the ion channel fine-tune the intrinsic opening and closing rates of the receptor through stabilization of the transition state of activation. These data provide a structural basis for the fast opening of pentameric LGICs.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
124 Views
  • Source
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The cyanobacterial pentameric ligand-gated ion channel GLIC, a homolog of the Cys-loop receptor superfamily, has provided useful structural and functional information about its eukaryotic counterparts. X-ray diffraction data and site-directed mutagenesis have previously implicated a transmembrane histidine residue (His234) as essential for channel function. Here, we investigated the role of His234 via synthesis and incorporation of histidine analogs and α-hydroxy acids using in vivo nonsense suppression. Receptors were expressed heterologously in Xenopus laevis oocytes, and whole-cell voltage-clamp electrophysiology was used to monitor channel activity. We show that an interhelix hydrogen bond involving His234 is important for stabilization of the open state, and that the shape and basicity of its side chain are highly sensitive to perturbations. In contrast, our data show that two other His residues are not involved in the acid-sensing mechanism. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Chemistry & Biology 12/2014; 21(12):1700-1706. DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2014.10.019 · 6.59 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although pentameric ligand-gated ion channels (pLGICs) have been found to be the targets of general anesthetics, the mechanism of the effects of anesthetics on pLGICs remains elusive. pLGICs from Gloeobacter violaceus (GLIC) can be inhibited by the anesthetic ketamine. X-ray crystallography has shown that the ketamine binding site is distant from the channel gate of the GLIC. It is still not clear how ketamine controls the function of the GLIC by long-range allosteric regulation. In this work, the functionally crucial residues and allosteric pathway of anesthetic regulation of the GLIC were identified by use of a coarse-grained thermodynamic method developed by our group. In our method, the functionally crucial sites were identified as the residues thermodynamically coupled with binding of ketamine. The results from calculation were highly consistent with experimental data. Our study aids understanding of the mechanism of the anesthetic action of ketamine on the GLIC by long-range allosteric modulation.
    European Biophysics Journal 11/2014; DOI:10.1007/s00249-014-0992-7 · 2.47 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
57 Downloads
Available from
Jun 2, 2014