Adolescent Development in Interpersonal and Societal Contexts

Department of Clinical & Social Sciences in Psychology, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, USA.
Annual Review of Psychology (Impact Factor: 21.81). 02/2006; 57(1):255-84. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.psych.57.102904.190124
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In this chapter we review theoretical and empirical advances in research on adolescent development in interpersonal and societal contexts. First, we identify several trends in current research, including the current emphasis on ecological models and the focus on diversity in and relational models of adolescent development. Next, we discuss recent research on interpersonal relationships, with an eye toward identifying major research themes and findings. Research on adolescents' relationships with parents, siblings, other relatives, peers, and romantic partners, and adolescents' involvement in community and society is reviewed. Future directions in research on adolescent development are discussed.

Download full-text


Available from: Nicole Campione-Barr, Sep 26, 2015
1,190 Reads
  • Source
    • "Although most adolescents experience positive 35 relationships with their family (Smetana et al. 2006), 36 adolescents tend to report less family closeness and sup- 37 port, less communication with their parents, and increased 38 family conflict relative to children (Farrell and White 1998; 39 Laursen and Collins 2009; Mooney et al. 2006). These 40 relatively negative views of the family are believed to be in 41 part due to developmental changes that take place within 42 the adolescent, namely cognitive changes and the adoles- 43 cent's push for increased autonomy (Montemayor 1983; 44 Smetana et al. 2006; Spear 2000). Adolescents' perceived 45 views of the family often exhibit relatively little corre- 46 spondence with parental views of the family (De Los Reyes 47 et al. 2012; Ohannessian et al. 2000). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Prior work indicates that adolescents perceive the family more negatively than do their parents. These discrepant views comprise some of the most robust observations in psychological science, and are observed on survey reports collected in vastly different cultures worldwide. Yet, whether developmental changes occur with these discrepant views remains unclear. In a sample of 141 adolescents and their mothers, we examined one-year developmental changes in discrepancies between parents’ and adolescents’ views of family functioning. We focused on discrepant views about a relatively covert domain of family functioning (i.e., internal views of open communication) and a relatively overt domain of such functioning (i.e., views about observable communication problems). We observed significant developmental changes in discrepant views for open communication, but not for communication problems. These findings have important implications for research examining links between discrepant views of family functioning and whether these discrepancies serve as risk or protective factors for adolescent psychosocial functioning.
    Journal of Child and Family Studies 09/2016; 25. DOI:10.1007/s10826-015-0275-7 · 1.42 Impact Factor
    • "To obtain a full scope of family relationship quality, at both T1 and T2 adolescents reported on their sense of parental support, disclosure to parents, and conflict with parents, three key aspects that reflect parent–child relationships in daily life (Smetana et al., 2006; Steinberg, 2001). Adolescents' sense of parental support was assessed by 9 items of the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (IPPA) (Armsden and Greenberg, 1987). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Adolescence is marked by a steep increase in risk-taking behavior. The serious consequences of such heightened risk taking raise the importance of identifying protective factors. Despite its dynamic change during adolescence, family relationships remain a key source of influence for teenagers. Using a longitudinal fMRI approach, we scanned 23 adolescents twice across a 1.5-year period to examine how changes in parent-child relationships contribute to changes in adolescent risk taking over time via changes in adolescents' neural reactivity to rewards. Results indicate that although parent-child relationships are not associated with adolescent risk taking concurrently, increases in positive parent-child relationships contribute to declines in adolescent risk taking. This process is mediated by longitudinal decreases in ventral striatum activation to rewards during risk taking. Findings highlight the neural pathways through which improvements in positive parent-child relationships serve to buffer longitudinal increases in adolescent risk taking.
    09/2015; 15:26-34. DOI:10.1016/j.dcn.2015.08.005
  • Source
    • "Moreover, because relationships with mothers and fathers have been demonstrated to differ in both quality and substance (e.g., Steinberg & Silk, 2002), we replicate the analysis considering separately, in two different models, the perceptions of maternal and paternal care and overprotection. Within this framework, we compare one-sided models, based on only personal predictors (e.g., Diener & Lucas, 1999; Mahon & Yarcheski, 2002; Schmutte & Ryff, 1997) or environmental predictors (e.g., Meeus, 1994; Smetana et al., 2006), and multidimensional models, based on both personal and environmental predictors (a detailed description of the models is presented in the methods section). On the basis of previous empirical studies, we expect positive effects for extraversion, peer relationships and parental care and negative effects for neuroticism and parental overprotection (Argyle, 2001; Cheng & Furnham, 2003; Furnham & Cheng, 2000; Meeus, 1994). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study examined self-esteem as mediator in the relations of personal (extraversion, neuroticism) and environmental (maternal, paternal, peer-relationships) variables with domains of positive psychological functioning (PPF) in adolescence (Satisfaction with life, Mastery, Vigor, Social Interest, Social Cheerfulness). We compared one-sided and multidimensional models using a sample of 1193 high school students (592 males and 601 females). We examined variations in adolescent PPF as a function of parenting styles via independent examination of maternal and paternal bonding. Results supported the multidimensional models, which indicated direct effects of personality traits, maternal care and peer relationships, as well as indirect effects, mediated by self-esteem, of all predictors on most PPF dimensions. Overall, our study provided a broader picture of personal and environmental predictors on different dimensions of PPF, which supported the mediating role of self-esteem and emphasized the importance of considering multidimensional models to characterize PPF in adolescents. Copyright © 2015 The Foundation for Professionals in Services for Adolescents. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Adolescence 08/2015; 43. DOI:10.1016/j.adolescence.2015.05.019 · 2.05 Impact Factor
Show more