Article

Adolescent Development in Interpersonal and Societal Contexts

Department of Clinical & Social Sciences in Psychology, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, USA.
Annual Review of Psychology (Impact Factor: 20.53). 02/2006; 57(1):255-84. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.psych.57.102904.190124
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In this chapter we review theoretical and empirical advances in research on adolescent development in interpersonal and societal contexts. First, we identify several trends in current research, including the current emphasis on ecological models and the focus on diversity in and relational models of adolescent development. Next, we discuss recent research on interpersonal relationships, with an eye toward identifying major research themes and findings. Research on adolescents' relationships with parents, siblings, other relatives, peers, and romantic partners, and adolescents' involvement in community and society is reviewed. Future directions in research on adolescent development are discussed.

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    • "Although most adolescents experience positive 35 relationships with their family (Smetana et al. 2006), 36 adolescents tend to report less family closeness and sup- 37 port, less communication with their parents, and increased 38 family conflict relative to children (Farrell and White 1998; 39 Laursen and Collins 2009; Mooney et al. 2006). These 40 relatively negative views of the family are believed to be in 41 part due to developmental changes that take place within 42 the adolescent, namely cognitive changes and the adoles- 43 cent's push for increased autonomy (Montemayor 1983; 44 Smetana et al. 2006; Spear 2000). Adolescents' perceived 45 views of the family often exhibit relatively little corre- 46 spondence with parental views of the family (De Los Reyes 47 et al. 2012; Ohannessian et al. 2000). "
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    • "Moreover, because relationships with mothers and fathers have been demonstrated to differ in both quality and substance (e.g., Steinberg & Silk, 2002), we replicate the analysis considering separately, in two different models, the perceptions of maternal and paternal care and overprotection. Within this framework, we compare one-sided models, based on only personal predictors (e.g., Diener & Lucas, 1999; Mahon & Yarcheski, 2002; Schmutte & Ryff, 1997) or environmental predictors (e.g., Meeus, 1994; Smetana et al., 2006), and multidimensional models, based on both personal and environmental predictors (a detailed description of the models is presented in the methods section). On the basis of previous empirical studies, we expect positive effects for extraversion, peer relationships and parental care and negative effects for neuroticism and parental overprotection (Argyle, 2001; Cheng & Furnham, 2003; Furnham & Cheng, 2000; Meeus, 1994). "
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    • "Embora a medida da intimidade percebida apresente graus menores, esta relação pode possuir grande quantidade de intimidade oculta ou latente (Sternberg, 1998). Concomitantemente, os investimentos que os parceiros amorosos dedicam às suas carreiras profissionais e aos cuidados com os filhos também podem explicar, em parte, esse " esquecimento " da intimidade (Smetana et al., 2006). No grupo de maiores de 50 anos (tempo médio de duração da relação de 30 anos), a cessação dessas demandas e a consequente retomada da atenção dos parceiros à vida conjugal levariam à recuperação da intimidade manifesta (Sternberg, 1998), o que explicaria os elevados níveis medidos na pesquisa atual. "
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