Adolescent Development in Interpersonal and Societal Contexts

Department of Clinical & Social Sciences in Psychology, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, USA.
Annual Review of Psychology (Impact Factor: 21.81). 02/2006; 57(1):255-84. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.psych.57.102904.190124
Source: PubMed


In this chapter we review theoretical and empirical advances in research on adolescent development in interpersonal and societal contexts. First, we identify several trends in current research, including the current emphasis on ecological models and the focus on diversity in and relational models of adolescent development. Next, we discuss recent research on interpersonal relationships, with an eye toward identifying major research themes and findings. Research on adolescents' relationships with parents, siblings, other relatives, peers, and romantic partners, and adolescents' involvement in community and society is reviewed. Future directions in research on adolescent development are discussed.

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    • "Although most adolescents experience positive 35 relationships with their family (Smetana et al. 2006), 36 adolescents tend to report less family closeness and sup- 37 port, less communication with their parents, and increased 38 family conflict relative to children (Farrell and White 1998; 39 Laursen and Collins 2009; Mooney et al. 2006). These 40 relatively negative views of the family are believed to be in 41 part due to developmental changes that take place within 42 the adolescent, namely cognitive changes and the adoles- 43 cent's push for increased autonomy (Montemayor 1983; 44 Smetana et al. 2006; Spear 2000). Adolescents' perceived 45 views of the family often exhibit relatively little corre- 46 spondence with parental views of the family (De Los Reyes 47 et al. 2012; Ohannessian et al. 2000). "
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    ABSTRACT: Prior work indicates that adolescents perceive the family more negatively than do their parents. These discrepant views comprise some of the most robust observations in psychological science, and are observed on survey reports collected in vastly different cultures worldwide. Yet, whether developmental changes occur with these discrepant views remains unclear. In a sample of 141 adolescents and their mothers, we examined one-year developmental changes in discrepancies between parents’ and adolescents’ views of family functioning. We focused on discrepant views about a relatively covert domain of family functioning (i.e., internal views of open communication) and a relatively overt domain of such functioning (i.e., views about observable communication problems). We observed significant developmental changes in discrepant views for open communication, but not for communication problems. These findings have important implications for research examining links between discrepant views of family functioning and whether these discrepancies serve as risk or protective factors for adolescent psychosocial functioning.
    Journal of Child and Family Studies 09/2016; 25. DOI:10.1007/s10826-015-0275-7 · 1.42 Impact Factor
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    • "Second, we examined three parenting dimensions simultaneously to determine their relative contribution to explaining adolescent delinquency (Simons et al., 2007). In general , three parenting dimensions can be derived from the literature as important for explaining adolescent delinquency: parental monitoring, which entails efforts by parents to track their children's behavior, parental limit-setting, which involves setting rules and providing consequences for misbehavior, and the quality of the parent–adolescent relationship (Smetana et al., 2006; Wright and Cullen, 2001). "
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    ABSTRACT: We examined how parenting is directly and indirectly associated with adolescent delinquency. We derived four possible mechanisms from major criminological theories and examined their relative contribution to explaining the relationship between parenting and delinquency: self-control theory (that is, self-control), differential association theory (that is, delinquent attitudes and peer delinquency), and routine activity theory (that is, time spent in criminogenic settings). In addition, we examined how changes in different aspects of parenting during adolescence were directly and indirectly related to changes in delinquency. Results of multilevel structural equation modeling on two waves of panel data on 603 adolescents indicated that parenting was indirectly related to delinquency through self-control, delinquent attitudes, peer delinquency and time spent in criminogenic settings. However, only when examined together, these variables derived from major criminological theories almost fully mediate the effects of parenting. Furthermore, changes in parenting during adolescence were indirectly related to changes in delinquency through changes in delinquent attitudes and in peer delinquency.
    European Journal of Criminology 10/2015; DOI:10.1177/1477370815608881 · 1.00 Impact Factor
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    • "It is fundamental to the development of moral-relational agency and interdependence between people which is indicated by dynamic interpersonal reactivity (persective taking and empathy). In the same vein, because helping others gives people a sense of responsibility and attachment to community and moral identity (Smetana et al., 2006), the study also included prosocial behavior tendency within relational orientation which was characterized by positive affect regulation (capacity to generate positive affect towards others). "

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