Primary myelodysplastic syndrome in children—clinical, hematological and histomorphological profile from a tertiary care centre in India

All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Hematology, New Delhi, 110029, India.
Hematology (Impact Factor: 1.25). 01/2006; 10(6):495-9. DOI: 10.1080/10245330500155556
Source: PubMed


We describe the clinical, hematological and histomorphological features in children of primary myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) seen at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences over three years (Jan 2001-Jan 2004). Twenty-one patients of primary MDS aged 17 year or less were classified using the latest proposed WHO classification for Pediatric MDS. The median age was 9 years with male predominance (80%). Pallor was present in all the cases while fever and bleeding diathesis was present in more than 50% of the cases. Morphological assessment of the peripheral blood showed macrocytosis in 50%, pancytopenia in 15% and blast cells in 45% of cases. A complete analysis of clinical features in conjunction with the bone marrow profile revealed 8 cases of refractory cytopenia (RC), 3 cases of refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB), 5 cases of refractory anemia with excess blasts in transformation (RAEB-T), 4 cases of Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) and a solitary cases of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in Downs syndrome. These children were followed up from 1-36 months (mean 15 months). Three patients of RAEB-T progressed to AML within 3-4 months. RC had the best prognosis and all are alive and under regular follow up. The solitary case of AML of Downs syndrome died 1.5 months after initial diagnosis. All 3 cases of RAEB are under regular follow-up and doing well. Three cases of RAEB-T died (all had progressed to AML); the remaining 2 cases were lost to follow up. Of the 4 cases of JMML 1 died within 6 months of diagnosis; the other 3 cases are under regular follow up of whom 1 has a progressively increasing blast count. We conclude that the latest proposed WHO classification for Pediatric MDS can be successfully applied to all cases of primary MDS.

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Available from: Tathagata Chatterjee, Sep 16, 2015
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