Article

Convergence of vitamin D and retinoic acid signalling at a common hormone response element.

Department of Medicine, McGill University, 3655 Drummond St, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3G 1Y6.
EMBO Reports (Impact Factor: 7.86). 03/2006; 7(2):180-5. DOI: 10.1038/sj.embor.7400594
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Although 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D3) and retinoic acid (RA) have distinct developmental and physiological roles, both regulate the cell cycle. We provide molecular and genomic evidence that their cognate nuclear receptors regulate common genes through everted repeat TGA(C/T)TPyN8PuG(G/T)TCA (ER8) response elements. ER8 motifs were found in the promoters of several target genes of 1,25D3 and/or RA. Notably, an element was characterized in the cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor p19ink4d gene, and 1,25D3- or RA-induced p19INK4D) expression. P19ink4d knockdown together with depletion of p27kip1, another CDK inhibitor regulated by 1,25D3 and RA, rendered cells resistant to ligand-induced growth arrest. Remarkably, p19INK4D-deficient cells showed increased autophagic cell death, which was markedly enhanced by 1,25D3, but not RA, and attenuated by loss of p27KIP1. These results show a limited crosstalk between 1,25D3 and RA signalling by means of overlapping nuclear receptor DNA binding specificities, and uncover a role for p19INK4D in control of cell survival.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Benjamin Lallemant, Jul 03, 2015
0 Followers
 · 
96 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Orosomucoid 1 (ORM1), also named Alpha 1 acid glycoprotein A (AGP-A), is an abundant plasma protein characterized by anti-inflammatory and immune-modulating properties. The present study was designed to identify a possible correlation between ORM1 and Vitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3), a hormone exerting a widespread effect on cell proliferation, differentiation and regulation of the immune system. In particular, the data described here indicated that ORM1 is a 1,25(OH)2D3 primary response gene, characterized by the presence of a VDRE element inside the 1kb sequence of its proximal promoter region. This finding was demonstrated with gene expression studies, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation and luciferase transactivation experiments and confirmed by VDR full length and dominant negative over-expression. In addition, several experiments carried out in human normal monocytes demonstrated that the 1,25(OH)2D3 - VDR - ORM1 pathway plays a functional role inside the macrophage de-activation process and that ORM1 may be considered as a signaling molecule involved in the maintenance of tissue homeostasis and remodeling.
    Experimental Cell Research 08/2013; 319(20). DOI:10.1016/j.yexcr.2013.08.017 · 3.37 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Vitamin D is involved in mineral and bone homeostasis, immune responses, anti-inflammation, anti-infection, and cancer prevention. Vitamin D receptor (VDR) is a nuclear receptor that mediates most biological functions of 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) or vitamin D(3), the active form of vitamin D. Recently, vitamin D(3)-induced autophagy has been reported. Autophagy is a lysosome-mediated catabolic pathway classified into three different types: macroautophagy, microautophagy, and chaperone-mediated autophagy. Autophagy contributes to anti-aging, antimicrobial defense, and tumor suppression. The functions of autophagy overlap remarkably with those of vitamin D/VDR signaling. This review focuses on vitamin D(3), VDR, and macroautophagy in inflammation and infection. We place emphasis on the regulatory roles of vitamin D(3) on autophagy at different steps, including induction, nucleation, elongation to maturation, and degradation. We summarize the known molecular mechanisms of vitamin D/VDR signaling on autophagy homeostasis. The potential application of the insights gleaned from these research findings to anti-inflammation and anti-infection is also discussed.
    Discovery medicine 04/2011; 11(59):325-35. · 3.50 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Walleye dermal sarcoma virus encodes a retroviral cyclin (rv-cyclin) with a cyclin box fold and transcription activation domain (AD). Co-immune precipitation (co-IP) identified an association of rv-cyclin with cyclin-dependent kinase 8 (cdk8). Cdk8 is dependent upon cyclin C and regulates transcription with the Mediator complex, a co-activator of transcription. Mutation of cyclin residues, required for cdk binding, disrupts rv-cyclin-cdk8 co-IP. Mutation or removal of the AD has no effect on cdk8 interaction. Direct rv-cyclin-cdk8 binding is demonstrated by pulldown of active cdk8 and by GST-rv-cyclin binding to recombinant cdk8. Cdk3 is also activated by cyclin C and phosphorylates retinoblastoma protein to initiate entry into the cell division cycle. Co-IP and pulldowns demonstrate direct rv-cyclin binding to cdk3 as well. The rv-cyclin functions as a structural ortholog of cyclin C in spite of its limited amino acid sequence identity with C cyclins or with any known cyclins.
    Virology 11/2010; 409(2):299-307. DOI:10.1016/j.virol.2010.10.022 · 3.28 Impact Factor