Article

Remediation and recovery of uranium from contaminated subsurface environments with electrodes.

Department of Microbiology, University of Massachusetts, 203 Morrill 4 North, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003, USA.
Environmental Science and Technology (Impact Factor: 5.48). 12/2005; 39(22):8943-7. DOI: 10.1021/es050457e
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Previous studies have demonstrated that Geobacter species can effectively remove uranium from contaminated groundwater by reducing soluble U(VI) to the relatively insoluble U(IV) with organic compounds serving as the electron donor. Studies were conducted to determine whether electrodes might serve as an alternative electron donor for U(VI) reduction by a pure culture of Geobacter sulfurreducens and microorganisms in uranium-contaminated sediments. Electrodes poised at -500 mV (vs a Ag/AgCl reference) rapidly removed U(VI) from solution in the absence of cells. However, when the poise at the electrode was removed, all of the U(VI) returned to solution, demonstrating that the electrode did not reduce U(VI). If G. sulfurreducens was present on the electrode, U(VI) did not return to solution until the electrode was exposed to dissolved oxygen. This suggeststhat G. sulfurreducens on the electrode reduced U(VI) to U(IV) which was stably precipitated until reoxidized in the presence of oxygen. When an electrode was placed in uranium-contaminated subsurface sediments, U(VI) was removed and recovered from groundwater using poised electrodes. Electrodes emplaced in flow-through columns of uranium-contaminated sediments readily removed U(VI) from the groundwater, and 87% of the uranium that had been removed was recovered from the electrode surface after the electrode was pulled from the sediments. These results suggest that microorganisms can use electrons derived from electrodes to reduce U(VI) and that it may be possible to remove and recover uranium from contaminated groundwater with poised electrodes.

1 Bookmark
 · 
164 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Anaerobic biological technology and bioelectrochemical technology are regarded as promising sustainable wastes treatment processes. With biocatalysis in BESs anode or cathode, various pollutants can be removed. The pollutants range from nitrogen and sulfur to complex compounds. However, the investigation on recalcitrant wastes removal with biocathode has only been reported recently. Recalcitrant wastes, especially chlorinated nitroaromatic compounds, are highly persistent and toxic environmental pollutions which should be removed before discharging to environment. This paper provides a review on anaerobic biocathode BESs for recalcitrant wastes treatment and the feasibility of this system for CANs transformation. It is expected that anaerobic biocathode BESs can provide an appropriate condition for these compounds to transform to easily degradable forms. The technical challenges for future research are also discussed.
    08/2013; 726-731:2483-2491. DOI:10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.726-731.2483
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Activated palm kernel shell carbon (APKSC) was used to remove U(VI) from aqueous solutions in a batch system. The adsorption kinetics, isotherms, and effects of various parameters, such as temperature, contact time, solution pH, adsorbent dosage, and initial U(VI) concentration on the U(VI) adsorption process were studied. Equilibrium was reached after 120 min in the range of studied U(VI) concentrations and temperatures. U(VI) uptake was insignificantly affected by temperature, but was highly pH dependent, and the optimum pH for removal was 5.5. U(VI) removal efficiency increased with the increasing adsorbent dosage. U(VI) sorption capacity increased with increasing initial U(VI) concentration; any further increases in initial U(VI) concentration above a certain point caused insignificant changes in U(VI) sorption capacity. Isotherm data could be described by the Langmuir isotherm model with a maximum U(VI) adsorption capacity of 51.81 mg/g. Kinetic data were fitted to pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order equations, which suggested that the U(VI) adsorption onto APKSC was better reproduced by the pseudo-second-order model rather than pseudo-first-order model. Our results indicated that APKSC might be used as a cheap adsorbent in the treatment of uranium-containing wastewater.
    Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 09/2014; 301(3):695-701. DOI:10.1007/s10967-014-3242-7 · 1.42 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bioelectrochemical systems (BES) and forward osmosis (FO) are two emerging technologies with great potential for energy-efficient water/wastewater treatment. BES takes advantage of microbial interaction with a solid electron acceptor/donor to accomplish bioenergy recovery from organic compounds, and FO can extract high-quality water driven by an osmotic pressure. The strong synergy between those two technologies may complement each other and collaboratively address water-energy nexus. FO can assist BES with achieving water recovery (for future reuse), enhancing electricity generation, and supplying energy for accomplishing the cathode reactions; while BES may help FO with degrading organic contaminants, providing sustainable draw solute, and stabilizing water flux. This work has reviewed the recent development that focuses on the synergy between BES and FO, analyzed the advantages of each combination, and provided perspectives for future research. The findings encourage further investigation and development for efficient coordination between BES and FO towards an integrated system for wastewater treatment and reuse.
    Water 12/2014; 7(1)(1):38-50. DOI:10.3390/w7010038 · 1.29 Impact Factor

Full-text (3 Sources)

Download
11 Downloads
Available from
Jan 21, 2015