Article

The meaning of distal sensory loss and absent ankle reflexes in relation to age: a meta-analysis.

Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, Department of Neurology C03.236, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584 CX, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
Journal of Neurology (Impact Factor: 3.58). 06/2006; 253(5):578-89. DOI: 10.1007/s00415-005-0064-0
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Polyneuropathy is a common disease and is more prevalent (at least 3 %) in elderly people. However, routine neurological examination of healthy elderly people may show distal sensory loss and absent tendon reflexes, which can obscure the distinction from polyneuropathy.
To investigate the relation between age and the prevalence of distal sensory loss, absent tendon reflexes, or muscle weakness, and to ascertain above which age these neurological signs could be considered as normal in ageing.
PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and Current Contents from 1960 until 2004. Reference lists of relevant studies were searched for additional studies, reviews or textbooks.
Studies reporting on neurological signs upon routine neurological examination in generally healthy adult persons were considered for inclusion. Two reviewers independently assessed study eligibility and performed study inclusion. Of 629 studies initially identified, 50 (8 %) met the inclusion criteria.
Two reviewers independently performed data extraction and assessed study quality based on study design and the rigour by which confounding co-morbidity was excluded.
The 50 included studies comprised a total of 9,996 adult persons. Assuming heterogeneity between studies, the prevalence data from different studies were pooled for separate age groups with a random-effects model. In healthy persons older than 60 years the prevalence of absent vibration sense at the big toes (29 % [95 % CI 18 % to 38%]) or ankles (15 % [95 % CI 11 % to 20%]), and absent ankle reflexes (23 % [95 % CI 16 % to 30 %]) was increased.
Self-declared healthy adult persons younger than 60 years do not have neurological signs. After the age of 60 absent vibration sense at the big toes or ankles, and absent ankle reflexes are more prevalent, although the majority does not have these neurological signs. It seems more appropriate to apply different diagnostic criteria for polyneuropathy in adult persons younger and older than 60 years.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
401 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Idiopathic neuropathy, now designated as chronic idiopathic axonal polyneuropathy (CIAP), is a major public health problem in the United States. The disorder affects an estimated 5-8 million Americans, comprising about one-third of patients with neuropathy, based on data from referral centers. Typically, patients develop symptoms in the sixth decade or older. The onset is insidious, with numbness, paresthesias, and pain appearing over months to years. Although strength is generally preserved, the sensory loss and pain can be disabling. The clinical approach to this condition has evolved in important ways over the years, enabling improved diagnosis and characterization of this population. Current work has focused on identifying modifiable risk factors that may be associated with idiopathic neuropathy. The results may suggest that an underlying mechanism such as oxidative stress contributes to the development of CIAP.
    Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System 05/2012; 17 Suppl 2:43-9. · 2.57 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES This study aims to investigate the association between chronic idiopathic axonal polyneuropathy (CIAP) and the metabolic syndrome or its individual components.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODSA total of 249 patients with CIAP and 709 controls underwent fasting laboratory studies, and blood pressure and waist circumference were measured. The metabolic syndrome was diagnosed if three or more of the following Adult Treatment Panel III criteria were present: impaired fasting glucose; hypertension; abdominal obesity; reduced HDL cholesterol; and hypertriglyceridemia. Subgroup analysis was performed for patients with a painful predominantly sensory CIAP, because this phenotype is most similar to diabetic polyneuropathy. Statistical analysis was performed with adjustment for age and gender.RESULTSFifty-five percent of all patients fulfilled the metabolic syndrome criteria compared with 34% of controls (odds ratio [OR], 2.2; 95% CI, 1.7-3.0). Multivariate analysis shows hypertension (2.9 [1.7-4.9]) and abdominal obesity (3.3 [2.4-4.6]) to be significantly more prevalent in patients than in controls. Of the patients classified as having a painful predominantly sensory CIAP, 62% fulfilled the metabolic syndrome criteria (3.1 [2.0-4.8]). In this subgroup, hypertension and abdominal obesity also were significantly more prevalent compared with controls.CONCLUSIONS Abdominal obesity and hypertension seem to be the most consistent contributing components of the metabolic syndrome in patients with CIAP. Evaluation and appropriate treatment of these risk factors in patients with CIAP would be advocated.
    Diabetes care 11/2012; · 7.74 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To identify the effect of vibratory stimuli applied to the plantar region on the balance of women 60 years or older. A randomized controlled trial (blinded assessor). University research laboratory. All women (N=30; age, ≥60y) selected had a balance deficit, assessed by using the One-Leg Stance test with eyes open (EO). Participants were randomly divided into an experimental group, which received vibratory stimuli, and a control group, which received no intervention. Functional reach (FR) test and center-of-pressure (CoP) sway area (force platform). There was a significant difference in the time factor of the experimental group for the FR test and CoP sway area with eyes closed (EC). For the group × time interaction, there was improvement in balance in anterior-posterior (AP) CoP sway velocity with EO and EC. There also was improvement in CoP sway area with EC. Vibratory stimuli applied to the plantar region have beneficial effects on balance in women 60 years or older, with greater effectiveness in anterior displacement, postural control of the AP axis, and the EC condition.
    Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation 02/2011; 92(2):199-206. · 2.18 Impact Factor

Full-text

View
3 Downloads
Available from