Leinweber B, Kerl H, Cerroni L. Histopathologic features of cutaneous herpes virus infections (herpes simplex, herpes varicella/zoster): a broad spectrum of presentations with common pseudolymphomatous aspects
ABSTRACT Cutaneous eruptions caused by herpes simplex 1/2 (HSV-1/2) and herpes varicella/zoster (VZV) represent common dermatoses. In some cases, they present with atypical clinical and/or histopathologic features, including presence of dense lymphoid infiltrates with atypical lymphocytes simulating cutaneous lymphomas. In this study, we reviewed the biopsy specimens of 65 patients (33 males, 32 females; mean age, 61.2 years; median age, 62 years; age range, 19-96 years) with cutaneous eruptions caused by HSV-1/2 or VZV. Histologic examination revealed several atypical findings, including presence of dense lymphoid infiltrates, angiotropism, and atypical lymphocytes simulating malignant lymphoma. Immunohistochemistry performed in 22 cases showed a predominant T-cell infiltrate, in the majority of cases with variable numbers of CD30+ and CD56+ cells. Two cases with a pseudolymphomatous appearance and small clusters of CD30+ cells revealed a monoclonal population of T lymphocytes by PCR analysis, underlying the difficulties in classifying some of these cases correctly. Our study indicates that cutaneous herpes infections can exhibit several atypical histopathologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular features, and that in given cases accurate clinicopathologic correlation and short-term follow-up controls are necessary for differentiation from cutaneous lymphomas.
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ABSTRACT: Diagnosis and differential diagnosis of cutaneous lymphoproliferative disorders is one of the most difficult areas in dermatopathology, and biopsies are often taken to rule out a cutaneous lymphoma in patients with "unclear" or "therapy-resistant" skin lesions. Histopathological features alone often enable a given case to be classified to a diagnostic group (eg, epidermotropic lymphomas), but seldom allow a definitive diagnosis to be made. Performing several biopsies from morphologically different lesions is suggested, especially in patients with suspicion of mycosis fungoides. Immunohistochemistry is often crucial for proper classification of the cases, but in some instances is not helpful (eg, early lesions of mycosis fungoides). Although molecular techniques provide new, powerful tools for diagnosing cutaneous lymphoproliferative disorders, results of molecular methods should always be interpreted with the clinicopathological features, keeping in mind the possibility of false positivity and false negativity. In many cases, a definitive diagnosis can be made only on careful correlation of the clinical with the histopathological, immunophenotypical and molecular features.Journal of Clinical Pathology 09/2006; 59(8):813-26. DOI:10.1136/jcp.2005.033019 · 2.92 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Eosinophilic ulcer of the oral mucosa (EUOM), also known as traumatic ulcerative granuloma with stromal eosinophilia or Riga-Fede disease, is an uncommon benign self-limited lesion poorly described in the dermatological literature. It probably includes a spectrum of related disorders presenting as an ulcer with elevated indurated borders affecting the tongue, oral mucosa or lip. Histopathological findings are characteristic and consist of eosinophil-rich mixed infiltrates accompanied by a population of large mononuclear cells whose origins have been a matter of debate. Immunohistochemical studies of these cells have suggested a myofibroblastic or histiocytic origin. We present a 93-year-old woman with two episodes of self-healing ulcers on the upper lip and on the lingual mucosa, respectively. Histopathological findings on both biopsies were consistent with EUOM and showed the presence of large atypical CD30+ lymphocytes. Some recent reports have also shown positivity for the CD30 antigen, raising the possibility that a subset of EUOM could be included within the spectrum of CD30+ lymphoproliferative disorders. This finding most likely suggests that EUOM can represent another histological simulator of CD30+ lymphoproliferative disorders.British Journal of Dermatology 09/2006; 155(2):460-3. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2133.2006.07331.x · 4.28 Impact Factor
- Experimental Dermatology 02/2007; 16(3):191 - 192. DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0625.2006.00537.x · 3.76 Impact Factor