The association of psychopathic traits with aggression and delinquency in non-referred boys and girls. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 23(6), 803-817

Department of Psychology, University of New Orleans, LA 70148, USA.
Behavioral Sciences & the Law (Impact Factor: 0.96). 11/2005; 23(6):803-17. DOI: 10.1002/bsl.662
Source: PubMed


The current study investigated the association of psychopathic traits with aggression and delinquency in a non-referred sample of boys (n=86) and girls (n=114) in the fifth through ninth grades at two public schools in a large urban area. Psychopathic traits were measured by both teacher- and self-report ratings, whereas aggression and delinquency were assessed through self-report ratings. Self-reported psychopathic traits were associated with both aggression and delinquency and teacher-reported psychopathic traits were associated with higher levels of aggression. There were no clear differences for the callous-unemotional, narcissism, or impulsivity dimensions in their associations with aggression and delinquency. Also, psychopathic traits predicted aggression and delinquency for both boys and girls. The one clear gender difference was in the stronger associations between psychopathic traits and relational aggression for girls.

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    • "Child sex and psychopathic traits The current study's third goal was to determine whether associations between sensitivity, inhibitory control, attachment, and psychopathic traits vary by children's sex. Studies of youth psychopathic traits often have examined either males only or have not tested for sex differences (Marsee et al., 2005). It is reasonable to expect, however, that factors related to psychopathic traits may differ between males and females. "
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    • "The influence of gender on antisocial behavior is also unclear (Fanti, Frick, & Georgiou, 2009); however, conduct disorders are more prevalent among males (APA, 2013). Marsee, Silverthorn, and Frick (2005) differen­ tiated between males and females on different aspects of the Antisocial Process Screening Device (Frick & Hare, 2001), and Fontaine, Barker, Salekin, and Viding (2008) found different developmental trajectories for young males and females on callous-unemotional traits. Generally, the manifestations of antiso­ cial behavior among males and females is different (Amitay & Gumpel, 2013), as is the tendency of the tw o groups to engage in direct physical (vs. "
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    • "Evidence demonstrating that child CU traits may elicit parental distress, punitive parenting, and less parental involvement over time (Fanti and Centifanti 2014; Hawes et al. 2011), suggests that the characteristics of high CU youth may directly increase the likelihood of Fig. 3 Cross-lagged model (estimates (SE)) with parent-report of callous-unemotional (CU) traits, negative life events (LE; uncontrollable LE left of diagonal; controllable LE right of diagonal), and parent-report of conduct problems (CP) as a time-varying covariate Note: Bolded values denote significance at 0.05 J Abnorm Child Psychol negative life events (e.g., family conflict) or predispose youth to circumstances that increase the risk for negative life events (e.g., poor parental monitoring leading to increased likelihood of poor grades). This may extend to the peer domain given links between CU traits and bullying, proactive and relational aggression (Fanti and Kimonis 2012; Marsee et al. 2005), and propensity towards revenge, dominance, and forced respect during peer conflict (Pardini 2011; Pardini and Byrd 2012). In support, reciprocal effects were evident only for controllable life events such as school suspension/failure and arguments with others. "
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