Humoral and cellular immune responses against the breast cancer antigen NY-BR-1: definition of two HLA-A2 restricted peptide epitopes.
ABSTRACT Cancer immunotherapy depends on the identification of tumor-specific target antigens that are predominantly expressed in cancer cells and not in normal tissues. Here, we report the cloning and the expression analysis of the differentiation antigen NY-BR-1 that we have identified in a previous SEREX (serological analysis of recombinant cDNA expression libraries) screening. The cloning of the full length NY-BR-1 sequence led to the prediction of an open reading frame of 4.2 kb, encoding a protein of 158.9 kDa. NY-BR-1 mRNA expression analysis revealed tissue-specific expression in normal testis and breast tissues, as well as in 70% of breast tumors. We now show that NY-BR-1 is also sporadically expressed in normal prostate and in 32% of prostate tumors. Furthermore, we were able to identify two HLA-A2 restricted NY-BR-1 epitopes (p158-167 and p960-968) that are recognized by CD8+ T cell clones (NW1100-CTL-7 and NW1100-CTL-43, respectively), as determined by ELISPOT analysis and tetramer staining. Cotransfection assays of COS-7 cells also demonstrated that these two peptides are naturally processed and presented on HLA-A2 molecules. The identification of these two naturally processed NY-BR-1-specific CD8+ T cell epitopes opens the perspective for active immunotherapy of HLA-A2 positive patients with NY-BR-1 expressing tumors.
Article: Pattern recognition in pulmonary tuberculosis defined by high content peptide microarray chip analysis representing 61 proteins from M. tuberculosis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Serum antibody-based target identification has been used to identify tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) for development of anti-cancer vaccines. A similar approach can be helpful to identify biologically relevant and clinically meaningful targets in M. tuberculosis (MTB) infection for diagnosis or TB vaccine development in clinically well defined populations. We constructed a high-content peptide microarray with 61 M. tuberculosis proteins as linear 15 aa peptide stretches with 12 aa overlaps resulting in 7446 individual peptide epitopes. Antibody profiling was carried with serum from 34 individuals with active pulmonary TB and 35 healthy individuals in order to obtain an unbiased view of the MTB epitope pattern recognition pattern. Quality data extraction was performed, data sets were analyzed for significant differences and patterns predictive of TB+/-. Three distinct patterns of IgG reactivity were identified: 89/7446 peptides were differentially recognized (in 34/34 TB+ patients and in 35/35 healthy individuals) and are highly predictive of the division into TB+ and TB-, other targets were exclusively recognized in all patients with TB (e.g. sigmaF) but not in any of the healthy individuals, and a third peptide set was recognized exclusively in healthy individuals (35/35) but no in TB+ patients. The segregation between TB+ and TB- does not cluster into specific recognition of distinct MTB proteins, but into specific peptide epitope 'hotspots' at different locations within the same protein. Antigen recognition pattern profiles in serum from TB+ patients from Armenia vs. patients recruited in Sweden showed that IgG-defined MTB epitopes are very similar in individuals with different genetic background. A uniform target MTB IgG-epitope recognition pattern exists in pulmonary tuberculosis. Unbiased, high-content peptide microarray chip-based testing of clinically well-defined populations allows to visualize biologically relevant targets useful for development of novel TB diagnostics and vaccines.PLoS ONE 02/2008; 3(12):e3840. · 4.09 Impact Factor
Article: MAGE-C2/CT10 protein expression is an independent predictor of recurrence in prostate cancer.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The cancer-testis (CT) family of antigens is expressed in a variety of malignant neoplasms. In most cases, no CT antigen is found in normal tissues, except in testis, making them ideal targets for cancer immunotherapy. A comprehensive analysis of CT antigen expression has not yet been reported in prostate cancer. MAGE-C2/CT-10 is a novel CT antigen. The objective of this study was to analyze extent and prognostic significance of MAGE-C2/CT10 protein expression in prostate cancer. 348 prostate carcinomas from consecutive radical prostatectomies, 29 castration-refractory prostate cancer, 46 metastases, and 45 benign hyperplasias were immunohistochemically analyzed for MAGE-C2/CT10 expression using tissue microarrays. Nuclear MAGE-C2/CT10 expression was identified in only 3.3% primary prostate carcinomas. MAGE-C2/CT10 protein expression was significantly more frequent in metastatic (16.3% positivity) and castration-resistant prostate cancer (17% positivity; p<0.001). Nuclear MAGE-C2/CT10 expression was identified as predictor of biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy (p = 0.015), which was independent of preoperative PSA, Gleason score, tumor stage, and surgical margin status in multivariate analysis (p<0.05). MAGE-C2/CT10 expression in prostate cancer correlates with the degree of malignancy and indicates a higher risk for biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy. Further, the results suggest MAGE-C2/CT10 as a potential target for adjuvant and palliative immunotherapy in patients with prostate cancer.PLoS ONE 01/2011; 6(7):e21366. · 4.09 Impact Factor