Article

Downregulation of aquaporin 5 induced by vector-based short hairpin RNA and its effect on MUC5AC gene expression in human airway submucosal gland cells.

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Research Institute of Respiratory Disease, Fudan University, Zhongshan Hospital, Shanghai, PR China.
Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology (Impact Factor: 2.05). 07/2006; 152(2):197-203. DOI: 10.1016/j.resp.2005.08.005
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The aquaporins (AQPs) are a family of homologous water channels expressed in many epithelial and endothelial cells, however no reliable and non-toxic inhibitors of AQPs have been reported yet. Our researchers have analyzed the changes of AQP5 expression induced by vector-based short hairpin RNA (shRNA) in the human airway submucosal gland cell line (SPC-A1) and observed its regulation on the expression of MUC5AC gene. Localizations of AQP5 and MUC5AC in SPC-A1cells were detected by Immunofluorescence. AQP5 mRNA was significantly reduced by 75.1% one day after transfection with specific shRNA, named shAQP5. However, the significant suppression of AQP5 protein did not appear until day 5 after transfection. MUC5AC mRNA was remarkably increased by 119.9% On day 3 after shAQP5 transfection, while comparable MUC5AC protein changes were not found in SPC-A1 cells with flow cytometry analysis. These results indicate that vector-based shRNA could be used as a potential tool to inhibit the expression of AQP5. This is the first investigation providing evidence demonstrating the regulation of the mucin gene by AQP5 gene silencing.

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