A CD4 domain 1 CC' loop peptide analogue enhances engraftment in a murine model of bone marrow transplantation with sublethal conditioning.
ABSTRACT Host CD4(+) T cells that survive sublethal or even lethal preconditioning regimens can participate in the process of hematopoietic stem cell graft rejection, particularly when the transplantations are performed across a major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II barrier. To enhance donor marrow engraftment, we tested the efficacy of a small synthetic cyclic heptapeptide, 802-2 (CNSNQIC), which was designed to closely mimic the CD4 domain 1 CC' surface loop, theoretically involved in CD4/MHC class II complex oligomerization and subsequent CD4(+) T-cell activation. Previously, this peptide was found to have inhibitory activity in murine models for CD4(+) T cell-dependent graft-versus-host disease and skin allograft rejection. Herein, we used the MHC class II--disparate bm12 --> B6-CD45.1 sublethal irradiation transplantation model to test the possibility that the 802-2 peptide could enhance the engraftment of donor T cell-depleted bone marrow (ATBM). Sublethally irradiated B6-CD45.1 mice that received bm12 ATBM in combination with the 802-2 peptide demonstrated increased donor marrow cell engraftment as compared with mice that received ATBM alone; this suggests that the 802-2 peptide may be useful as an immunomodulating agent to overcome MHC class II mismatch barriers in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
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ABSTRACT: Much attention has focused on the immune recovery of donor T cells following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Termed immune reconstitution, a better understanding of the dynamics of the functional recovery of immune cells following HSCT has important implications both for fighting infections and, in the allogeneic setting, for providing antitumor activity while controlling graft-vs.-host disease (GVHD). The immune cells involved in immune reconstitution include antigen-presenting cells, B lymphocytes, natural killer cells, and, in particular, T lymphocytes, the immune cell that will be the subject of this review. In addition, T cells can play an important role in the process of engraftment of hematopoietic stem cells. The evidence for a T cell tropic effect on hematopoietic engraftment is both direct and indirect, and comes from the clinic as well as the research lab. Animal models have provided useful clues, but the molecular mechanisms that govern the interaction between donor stem cells, donor T cells, the host immune system, and the stem cell niche remain obscure. This review will describe the current published clinical and basic evidence related to T cells and stem cell engraftment, and will identify future directions for translational research in this area.TheScientificWorldJOURNAL 02/2006; 6:246-53. · 1.66 Impact Factor