Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines will soon be available for clinical use, and the effectiveness of vaccine delivery programs will depend largely upon whether providers recommend the vaccine. The objectives of this study were to examine family physicians' attitudes about HPV immunization and to identify predictors of intention to recommend immunization.
Cross-sectional survey instrument assessing provider and practice characteristics, knowledge about HPV, attitudes about HPV vaccination, and intention to administer two hypothetical HPV vaccines.
Surveys were mailed to a national random sample of 1,000 American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) members.
Intention to administer two hypothetical HPV vaccines (a cervical cancer/genital wart vaccine and a cervical cancer vaccine) to boys and girls of different ages.
One hundred fifty-five surveys (15.5%) were returned and 145 were used in the final sample. Participants reported higher intention to recommend both hypothetical HPV vaccines to girls vs. boys (P < 0.0001) and to older vs. younger adolescents (P < 0.0001). They were more likely to recommend a cervical cancer/genital wart vaccine than a cervical cancer vaccine to boys and girls (P < 0.001). Variables independently associated with intention (P < 0.05) included: female gender of provider, knowledge about HPV, belief that organizations such as the AAFP would endorse vaccination, and fewer perceived barriers to vaccination.
Female gender, knowledge about HPV, and attitudes about vaccination were independently associated with family physicians' intention to recommend HPV vaccines. Vaccination initiatives directed toward family physicians should focus on modifiable predictors of intention to vaccinate, such as HPV knowledge and attitudes about vaccination.
"Therefore the role of health care workers and teachers is vital. Several studies reported that Attitudes among health care providers are important for successful HPV vaccine implementation (Kahn et al., 2005; Riedesel et al., 2005; Zimet et al., 2006). A study by Rosenthal et al. (2008) indicates that mothers who had been counseled by a physician had more positive attitudes toward the vaccination. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective:
The objective of this study is to determine the practice and associated factors of HPV vaccine among school girls in Melaka, Malaysia.
A total number of 612 secondary school girls participated in this study. The questionnaire consists of 38 questions which included 3 sections. The first section is about socio- demography. The Second section is about knowledge and awareness of HPV vaccines. The third section is about practices with associated barriers of HPV vaccination. Verbal consent was obtained from all participants, and data were analyzed using SPSS 13.
A total number of 612 secondary school girl students participated in this study. The mean age was 13.93 ± SD (1.09); minimum age was 13 years old and maximum was 17 years old. The majority of them was Malay, from rural areas and had a family monthly income of RM 3000 or less (91.8%, 53.1%, 69.6%; respectively). The majority of the parents of the school girls were with secondary education level (56.4%). The majority of the participants did not have a family history of cervical cancer (99.0%). The prevalence of HPV vaccination was 77.9% among school girls in Melaka. The majority of the participants were vaccinated in their schools (77.0%). About 69% knew about cervical cancer and 77.6% had ever heard about HPV vaccine. Regarding the factors that influence the practice of uptake HPV vaccine, they were age, race, income, parents' education, knowledge about cervical cancer, heard about HPV vaccine and place of getting the vaccine (p<0.001).
The prevalence of HPV vaccine among school girls is high. Age, race, income, parents' education, knowledge about cervical cancer, heard about HPV vaccine and place of getting the vaccine were the significant factors that influence the practice of uptake HPV vaccine among school girls.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This chapter focuses on the marketing of preventive (prophylactic) vaccines. Preventive vaccines differ from therapeutic pharmaceuticals in a number of ways and pose distinctive marketing challenges. We first provide background information on the vaccine industry. We next analyze the main players carrying out the consumer, buyer and payer roles, and then move to a discussion of the key vaccine marketing decisions. We then summarize important trends, and conclude with a discussion of promising research questions.
"The survey was developed using the Competing Demands Model which proposes that patient, physician, and practice level factors impact a physician's decision to provide a preventive service (e.g., HPV vaccination) . Where possible, items were used from previous surveys of physician recommendation of HPV vaccination    . Face validity was established through 2 rounds of expert panel review with HPV researchers and clinicians, qualitative interviews with academic and community physicians (n=7), and a pilot study with physicians (n=16) randomly selected using online medical association directories. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of physician recommendation of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination in early (ages 11-12), middle (13-17), and late adolescent/young adult (18-26) female patients by physician specialty, and to identify factors associated with recommendation in early adolescents.
A 38-item survey was conducted April 2009 through August 2009 among a nationally representative random sample of 1538 Family Physicians, Pediatricians, and Obstetricians and Gynecologists obtained from the American Medical Association Physician Masterfile. A multivariable model was used to assess factors associated with frequency of physician recommendation of HPV vaccination ("always"=76-100% of the time vs. other=0-75%) within the past 12 months.
Completed surveys were received from 1013 physicians, including 500 Family Physicians, 287 Pediatricians, and 226 Obstetricians and Gynecologists (response rate=67.8%). Across the specialties, 34.6% of physicians reported they "always" recommend the HPV vaccine to early adolescents, 52.7% to middle adolescents, and 50.2% to late adolescents/young adults. The likelihood of "always" recommending the HPV vaccine was highest among Pediatricians for all age groups (P<0.001). Physician specialty, age, ethnicity, reported barriers, and Vaccines for Children provider status were significantly associated with "always" recommending HPV vaccination for early adolescents.
Findings suggest missed clinical opportunities for HPV vaccination, and perceived barriers to vaccination may drive decisions about recommendation. Results suggest the need for age and specialty targeted practice and policy level interventions to increase HPV vaccination among US females.
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