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Available from: Paul Ernsberger, Sep 26, 2015
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    • "Therefore, it is not obvious that people will react to the disease label in the way the AMA intends. It is even possible that this labeling might lead people to overestimate the actual harms associated with being obese (Campos et al., 2006). For conceptual clarity, it is useful to contrast the term " disease " with the related constructs " illness " and " sickness " . "
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    ABSTRACT: In 2013, the American Medical Association made the controversial decision to classify obesity as a "disease" in the hopes of encouraging research, reducing stigma, and ultimately lowering the prevalence of the condition. Critics argued that the disease label would reduce feelings of personal responsibility among the obese and therefore discourage healthy self-regulation, a possibility that has received some recent support in the psychological literature. However, public health issues such as obesity are complex and depend not only on personal action, but also on wider societal trends such as social policy interventions. In the present study, we systematically investigated the relationship between four narrative classifications of obesity ("sin", "addiction", "disorder" and "environment") and support for a variety of policy interventions designed to address the issue. An initial norming study revealed that the obesity narratives differed reliably in how much they attributed blame for the condition to the individual versus the environment. A correlational study showed that participants who agreed with narratives that blamed the individual were more likely to support policy interventions that penalized people for being overweight while participants who agreed with narratives that blamed the environment were more likely to support policy interventions designed to protect people suffering from obesity. A follow-up experiment revealed that these narratives had causal power as well: participants exposed to just one of the narratives were more likely to support policy interventions consistent with the blame attribution of the narrative for both obesity as well as anorexia. Individual differences in political ideology and personal experience with weight issues also influenced agreement with the narratives and support for particular policy interventions across these studies. These findings suggest that public messaging campaigns that utilize extended narratives may be a useful tool for increasing support for effective policy interventions. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Social Science [?] Medicine 07/2015; 141:27-35. DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.07.023 · 2.89 Impact Factor
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    • "This question has been framed in many different ways. Campos et al (2006a), for instance, ask whether the obesity epidemic is a 'public health crisis or moral panic'. Terms like 'crisis' and 'epidemic' indicate that there is something real at stake – that medical facts show obesity to be a threat to population health. "
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    • "Il s'agit d'un véritable enjeu thérapeutique, puisque cette difficulté à parler du problème de poids retarde et entrave les soins et le traitement de l'obésité. Les réflexions actuelles sur l'obésité mettent en avant sur le plan historique les ambiguïtés, les désaccords, les discussions qui existent entre spécialistes autour de sa définition, de sa compréhension et des soins proposés [10] [77] [78]. Nos résultats laissent apparaître les mêmes questionnements au sein de la relation médecin-parents-enfant. "
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    ABSTRACT: The Silences of the Archives, the Reknown of the Story. The Martin Guerre affair has been told many times since Jean de Coras and Guillaume Lesueur published their stories in 1561. It is in many ways a perfect intrigue with uncanny resemblance, persuasive deception and a surprizing end when the two Martin stood face to face, memory to memory, before captivated judges and a guilty feeling Bertrande de Rols. The historian wanted to go beyond the known story in order to discover the world of the heroes. This research led to disappointments and surprizes as documents were discovered concerning the environment of Artigat’s inhabitants and bearing directly on the main characters thanks to notarial contracts. Along the way, study of the works of Coras and Lesueur took a new direction. Coming back to the affair a quarter century later did not result in finding new documents (some are perhaps still buried in Spanish archives), but by going back over her tracks, the historian could only be struck by the silences of the archives that refuse to reveal their secrets and, at the same time, by the possible openings they suggest, by the intuition that almost invisible threads link here and there characters and events.
    03/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.neurenf.2015.01.009
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