The effect of adding calcium lactate to xylitol chewing gum on Remineralization of enamel lesions
ABSTRACT The purpose of the study was to determine whether adding calcium lactate to chewing gum containing xylitol enhances remineralization of enamel surfaces using an early caries lesion model. Enamel slabs were cut from human extracted sound teeth and artificial subsurface lesions created within each. Half the enamel slabs were used as controls and stored in a humidifier while half were mounted into oral appliances worn by 10 volunteers (22-27 years old, 2 males and 8 females) in a three-leg trial, during which they wore the appliance without chewing gum, chewed gum containing xylitol + calcium lactate or chewed gum containing only xylitol 4 times a day for 2 weeks. Calcium concentrations in the enamel surfaces of control and test slabs were measured by X-ray spectrometry and degrees of remineralization were calculated. The mean degree of remineralization was greater after chewing xylitol-Ca gum (0.46 +/- 0.10) than after no gum (0.16 +/- 0.14) or after chewing xylitol gum (0.33 +/- 0.10) (p < 0.01). In conclusion, chewing gum containing xylitol + calcium lactate could enhance remineralization of enamel surface compared to chewing gum containing only xylitol or no gum chewing.
SourceAvailable from: etd.uwc.ac.za
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the in vitro preventive effect of topical application of achemically stable titanium-tetrafluoride (TiF4) varnish and a sodium fluoride (NaF) varnish on bovine enamel by pH cycling test. Methodology: The sample consisted of 75 blocks of bovine enamel measuring 3x3mm, which were randomly assigned to 5 groups of 15, as follows: G1: Fluoridated dentifrice + varnish without active principle; G2: fluoridated dentifrice + TiF4 varnish (4 minutes); G3: fluoridated dentifrice + TiF4 varnish (24 hours); G4:fluoridated dentifrice + NaF varnish (24 hours); G5: fluoridated dentifrice.A pH cycling was carried out for a period of 14 days, consisting of 8 cycles at 37 °C. The treated blocks were kept in demineralizing and remineralizing solutions for 8 and 16 hours, respectively, being then subjected to surface analysis under scanning electron microscopy and dispersive energy spectroscopy. Result: The TiF4 varnishshowed a greater protection to enamel when compared with the other groups.Even after the cycling period, the following elements were found on the enamel surface: phosphorus, calcium, sodium, magnesium, titanium, chlorine, silicon, aluminum, sulfur, potassium, oxygen and fluorine. Conclusion: The adamantine structure subjected to the action of titanium tetrafluoride revealed the presence of a protective pellicle. Calcium and phosphorus were the major inorganic compounds found in enamel. Furthermore, there were changes in the chemical composition of the adamantine surface layer as a result of the treatment with fluoride.Revista de odontologia da UNESP / Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) 09/2013; Rev Odontol UNESP.(42):372.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of three chewing gums and paraffin on the remineralization and the hardness of demineralized enamel. A total of 12 subjects wore intraoral palatal appliances with two demineralized bovine enamel slabs. The study consisted of four experimental periods each lasting 21-days, during which subjects were assigned to one of three gum-chewing regimens: gum containing sorbitol, xylitol and a mixture of sorbitol and xylitol and with paraffin as control. The appliances were worn during gum-chewing for 20 min and then retained for 20 min 4 times/day. The slabs were subjected to energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis and surface microhardness measurements before in setting into the appliance and after the experimental period. The data were subjected to analysis of variance for repeated measures. A P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Mineral analysis revealed no significant difference between the baseline and after chewing periods for all groups (P > 0.05). No significant difference was found among the groups either for the baseline measurements or after chewing periods (P > 0.05). All groups showed higher microhardness values after the chewing periods than the baseline except for the Vivident Xylit group (P < 0.05). The chewing of gum had no effect on the Ca/P ratio of demineralized enamel surfaces. The hardening of the demineralized enamel surfaces may vary according to the type of chewing gum.