Primary hyperparathyroidism as the leading symptom in a patient with a Y791F RET mutation.
ABSTRACT Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP; serum calcium 2.75 mmol/L, PTH 226 pg/ml) had been the first clinical manifestation of MEN-2A in a female patient (aged 55 years) with a mutation (Y791F, TAT-->TTT) in exon 13 of the RET proto-oncogene. The patient has a pentagastrin-induced rise in serum calcitonin (up to 57 pg/ml) considered normal for noncarriers but abnormal in family members of MEN-2 patients. This is the first case of MEN-2 due to this specific mutation with primary hyperparathyroidism as the first manifestation of the disease. In addition, the patient harbored, within the Menin gene, a polymorphism (D418D) reportedly associated with sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism. This case report indicates that molecular biological tests in MEN- 2 may only suggest a certain phenotype but cannot predict it with certainty. It may also suggest that genetic screening for MEN-2 may be advisable in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism and a borderline-high pentagastrin stimulation test, even in the absence of a positive family history.
- American Journal of Clinical Pathology 07/1968; 49(6):761-75. · 2.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Multiple endocrine neoplasias (MEN) are familial diseases characterized by endocrine neoplasms and transmitted in an autosomal dominant manner. In MEN type 1, the major lesions affect parathyroid glands, pancreatic islet cells and anterior pituitary. The MEN-1 gene has been mapped to chromosome 11q13 and a set of DNA-polymorphic markers localized close to this region provides a useful tool for presymptomatic diagnosis in MEN-1 families. MEN type 2 refers to the inherited forms of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) associated or not with pheochromocytoma and hyperparathyroidism. In MEN-2, germinal mutations of the C-RET proto-oncogene which is localized on chromosome 10q11 have been found in the three clinical and allelic forms of the syndrome respectively, MEN-2 type A, B and familial isolated MTC. Mutations of C-RET are found in more than 90% of MEN-2 patients and genetic screening leads to accurate risk evaluation in families and consequently a preventive treatment of MTC and adrenal neoplasms. Recent discoveries on MEN syndromes and related familial endocrine disorders have a major clinical impact and allow a better understanding of the physiological pathways involved in familial as well as in sporadic endocrine tumor pathogenesis.Hormone Research 02/1997; 47(4-6):199-210. · 2.48 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Hereditary medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is caused by germline mutations of the RET proto-oncogene. A genotype - phenotype correlation has been established, showing clustering of mutations in exons 10 and 11 in classical MEN 2 A syndrome, in exon 16 codon 918 in MEN 2 B syndrome and in exons 13-15 in familial MTC. A line of evidence suggested that the development and the aggressiveness of MTC in the different cancer syndromes is variable. Aim of this study was to compare the phenotype of exon 13-15 mutations with that of exon 11 mutation and possibly draw therapeutical consequences. We compared the phenotype of 47 patients with mutations in exon 13-15 with 66 patients with exon 11, codon 634 mutation, the classical MEN2A. Patients were further subdivided as index and screening patients. Mean age of 19 index patients with codon 790, 791, 804 or 891 mutation was significant higher compared with 18 index patients with codon 634 mutation (mean age at diagnosis 50+/-12 years; range 30-69 y vs mean age 31+/-9 years; range 17-49 y), tumor stage at operation was favourable (C-cell hyperplasia n = 1; stage I n = 8; II n = 3; III n = 2; IV n = 2; no operation n = 1; no information n = 2 vs stage I n = 3; stage II n = 6; stage III n = 4, no information n =5), cure rate was better (56 % vs 38 %) and the death rate was lower (n = 2 vs n = 4). In screening patients no differences concerning the age, tumor stage, cure and death rate between patients with exons 13-15 and codon 634 mutations were seen. MTC in patients with exon 790, 791, 804, 891 mutations displayed a late onset and an indolent course compared to codon 634 mutation, this has to be taken into account when recommending timing and extent of prophylactic surgery.DMW - Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift 10/2003; 128(39):1998-2002. · 0.65 Impact Factor