The purpose of this study was to elucidate wellness promotion beliefs and practices of pediatric physical therapists.
From a random sample of 500 American Physical Therapy Association Pediatric Section active members, 257 physical therapists (51%) returned usable questionnaires designed to gather information on professional and personal wellness beliefs and practices.
Descriptive statistics and chi-square analyses were performed to describe current wellness promotion practices. Most participants considered wellness multidimensional, valued wellness, and incorporated wellness practices into their personal life. Only 54.5% of respondents, however, reported incorporating wellness into pediatric physical therapy practice. A third of the respondents identified themselves as either thinking or preparing to incorporate wellness promotion into practice. Factors associated with wellness promotion were older age group, knowledge, belief that wellness promotion was a physical therapy responsibility, and participation in personal wellness lifestyle activities. The most frequent barriers cited were external factors related to resources, time, and the child/family.
Current pediatric physical therapy practice reflects a more traditional model of care rather than a wellness promotion approach. With a paradigm shift in healthcare toward wellness promotion, pediatric physical therapists need to align practice with current societal needs and national healthcare campaigns. Continuing education programs that are participatory and well matched to the characteristics and needs of the attendees combined with collegial support may prove fruitful in providing pediatric physical therapists with the knowledge, motivation, and strategies needed to accomplish this goal.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aftercare programs allow patients to continue to exercise with supervision following discharge from physical therapy. Although not yet widespread in clinical practice, aftercare programs represent a growing trend following outpatient physical therapy settings in the United States. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the characteristics, implementation, and impact of contemporary aftercare programs in a selected sample of outpatient physical therapy settings. A purposeful sample of three aftercare program and four clients were interviewed to provide the descriptive data for this study. Each client was also later interviewed at 3-4 months and again at 6 months. A general health outcomes measurement tool (SF-36) and musculoskeletal regional outcomes tools also were used to measure health status and function. Directors of the three programs cited similar rationales for starting their aftercare programs. However, specific features and goals of the three aftercare programs varied, as did utilization and participation. Clients were generally pleased with their aftercare involvement, and they demonstrated clinically important improvements on outcome measures of function and health-related quality of life in addition to subjective reports of satisfaction. Aftercare programs are an emerging clinical trend following physical therapy, and this study provides an initial description of the development, implementation, and effectiveness of such programs. Future study should investigate a greater variety of aftercare settings and larger samples of participants and should also further examine how well aftercare programs promote health and wellness.
Physiotherapy Theory and Practice 03/2009; 25(2):99-128. DOI:10.1080/09593980802686888
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this article a discussion of the phenomenon of wellness and its relevance to contemporary nursing practice is developed. Drawing on phenomenology, the research literature and the author's own wellness research, an exposition of the concept of wellness is presented. It is proposed that the experience of being well is lived as a continuity of time and that it involves both a taking-for-granted of the body and containment of the horizon of concern. The state of actually being well is also clarified and contrasted with the more common understanding of wellness as an optimal or future state. This discussion has significance for nursing knowledge development, in terms of our understanding of the experience of wellness and illness. It also has implications for how nurses approach their practice, particularly in the area of health promotion.
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