Assessing the link between BACH1 and BRCA1 in the FA pathway.

Department of Cancer Biology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Women's Cancers Program, UMASS Memorial Cancer Center, Worcester, Massachusetts 01605, USA.
Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.) (Impact Factor: 5.24). 02/2006; 5(2):164-7. DOI: 10.4161/cc.5.2.2338
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The BACH1 helicase was initially identified by its direct binding to BRCA1 and, thus, was linked to hereditary breast cancer. More recently, BACH1 was identified as the gene defective in the J complementation group of Fanconi anemia (FA). FA is a multigenetic disorder characterized by cellular sensitivity to crosslinkers and chromosome instability. Because FANCD2 monoubiquitination is intact in BACH1 deficient cells, BACH1 appears to act downstream in the FA pathway akin to BRCA2/FANCD1. Interestingly, while BRCA1 has various interactions with FA proteins it has not been identified as an FA gene. As the race to uncover the last few unknown FA complementation groups comes to an end, future work will be required to uncover how these gene products function to combat the effects of DNA damage and maintain genomic stability. In particular, it remains elusive whether BRCA1 is functionally linked to the FA pathway through its interaction with BACH1/FANCJ. This review focuses on a model for the connection of BRCA1 to BACH1 in the FA pathway. We predict that BRCA1 regulates the BACH1 helicase activity to coordinate the timely displacement of Rad51 from nucleofilaments, promoting error free repair and ultimately maintaining chromosomal integrity.

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