Targeting amyloid-beta peptide (A beta) oligomers by passive immunization with a conformation-selective monoclonal antibody improves learning and memory in A beta precursor protein (APP) transgenic mice

Biology, William Penn University, Filadelfia, Pennsylvania, United States
Journal of Biological Chemistry (Impact Factor: 4.6). 03/2006; 281(7):4292-9. DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M511018200
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Passive immunization of murine models of Alzheimer disease amyloidosis reduces amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) levels and improves cognitive function. To specifically address the role of Abeta oligomers in learning and memory, we generated a novel monoclonal antibody, NAB61, that preferentially recognizes a conformational epitope present in dimeric, small oligomeric, and higher order Abeta structures but not full-length amyloid-beta precursor protein or C-terminal amyloid-beta precursor protein fragments. NAB61 also recognized a subset of brain Abeta deposits, preferentially mature senile plaques, and amyloid angiopathy. Using NAB61 as immunotherapy, we showed that aged Tg2576 transgenic mice treated with NAB61 displayed significant improvements in spatial learning and memory relative to control mice. These data implicated Abeta oligomers as a pathologic substrate for cognitive decline in Alzheimer disease.

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