Does complete deficiency of muscle alpha actinin 3 alter functional capacity in elderly women? A preliminary report.
ABSTRACT The sarcomeric protein alpha actinin 3 is localised to the Z line of fast fibres, which are responsible for generating forceful muscle contractions at high velocity. However, a substantial proportion of healthy humans are totally deficient in this protein as they are homozygous for a premature stop codon polymorphism (R577X) in the ACTN3 gene. The purpose of this preliminary study was to assess if the presence or absence of alpha actinin 3 influences the deleterious effects of ageing on muscle output and functional capacity.
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ABSTRACT: The influence of age-associated motor unit loss on contractile strength was investigated in a representative sample of healthy, active young and older men and women. In 24 younger subjects (22-38 yr) and 20 older subjects (60-81 yr) spike-triggered averaging was employed to extract a sample of surface-recorded single motor unit action potentials (S-MUAPs) from the biceps brachii and brachialis muscles. The amplitude of the maximum compound muscle action potential of the biceps brachii and brachialis muscles was divided by the mean S-MUAP amplitude to estimate the numbers of motor units present. The maximum isometric twitch contraction (MTC) and maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) of the elbow flexors were also recorded in 18 of the younger subjects and in all older subjects. The estimated numbers of motor units were significantly reduced (47%, P < 0.001) in older subjects with a mean value of 189 +/- 77 compared with a mean of 357 +/- 97 in younger subjects. The sizes of the S-MUAPs, however, were significantly larger in older subjects (23%, P < 0.01). Significant but less marked age-associated reductions in the MTC (33%, P < 0.05) and MVC (33%, P < 0.001) were also found and were similar for both men and women. These results suggest that motor unit losses, even in healthy active individuals, are a primary factor in the age-associated reductions in contractile strength.Journal of Applied Physiology 03/1993; 74(2):868-74. · 3.75 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Protein networks asymetrically distributed to basolateral and apical epithelial membranes maintain cell polarity and homeostasis of epithelial tissues. Genetic studies in non-vertebrates assigned two families of basolateral proteins, MAGUK (membrane-associated and guanylate kinase) and LAP (leucine-rich repeats and PDZ) proteins, to a common pathway crucial for the epithelial architecture and acting as a gatekeeper to malignancy. In mammals, three LAP proteins have been described, Densin-180, Erbin, and hScribble. Here, we identify a protein called Lano (LAP and no PDZ) only present in vertebrates and presenting strong identities with LAP proteins. Despite the lack of PDZ domain, Lano is located at the basolateral side of epithelial cells in a similar manner to Erbin and hScribble. Using in vitro and in vivo experiments, we demonstrate that Lano directly interacts with the PDZ domains of MAGUK proteins, including hDLG (human disc large), in epithelial cells. A second pool of Lano is complexed to Erbin. These LAP-MAGUK protein complexes coexist at the basolateral side of epithelial cells. We provide evidence for a direct interaction between LAP and MAGUK proteins, and we propose that various LAP-MAGUK networks targeted to the basolateral side of epithelial cells participate to homeostasis of epithelial tissues and tumor growth.Journal of Biological Chemistry 09/2001; 276(34):32051-5. · 4.77 Impact Factor