Quantitative anatomical differences in central corneal thickness values determined with scanning-slit corneal topography and noncontact specular microscopy.
ABSTRACT This study was designed to analyze the differences in central corneal thickness values determined with noncontact specular microscopy and scanning-slit corneal topography. The measurements were performed on the same eye.
We analyzed the central corneal thickness values of 93 patients (n = 93) by means of noncontact specular microscopy (Topcon SP-2000P noncontact specular microscope, Topcon Corp., Tokyo, Japan) and scanning-slit corneal topography (Orbscan Topography System II, Orbscan Inc., Salt Lake City, UT). One experienced physician performed 3 consecutive central corneal thickness measurements with both devices.
The central corneal thickness values obtained by means of Orbscan pachymetry were 17 +/- 2.7 (range, 12-24) microm greater. A significant correlation was observed between scanning-slit corneal topography and noncontact specular microscopy (Pearson correlation coefficient, r = 0.976; P < 0.001).
Researchers should know of the existence of this difference between noncontact specular microscopy and Orbscan pachymetry when interpreting central corneal thickness values.
Article: Central corneal thickness: z-ring corneal confocal microscopy versus ultrasound pachymetry.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To compare the repeatability and validity of corneal pachymetry by a corneal confocal microscope with a z-axis adapter (Confoscan 4.0 with z-ring adapter: z-CS4) versus ultrasound (US) pachymetry in the measurement of central corneal thickness (CCT). CCT in 44 eyes of 44 subjects was determined with z-CS4. Z-CS4 exams were used to estimate the repeatability of thickness measurement by z-ring adapter for this confocal microscope. Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) between two different z-CS4 users was also determined. CCT in the same 44 eyes was determined with US pachymetry and measurements were compared with z-CS4 CCT. Z-CS4 CCT showed high intrainstrument reproducibility (ICC = 0.989; 95%CI 0.982-0.993; P < 0.0001). Mean difference among three CCT consecutive measures, in the same eye, was 0.8 +/- 11.1 microm. High correlation was found between two users (ICC = 0.896; 95%IC 0.830-0.937; P < 0.0001). Z-CS4 CCT showed high correlation with US pachymetry (ICC = 0.921; 95%CI 0.851-0.958; P < 0.0001). Mean corneal thickness determined was statistically different with the two methods (US: 512.6 +/- 65.8 microm; z-CS4: 487.8 +/- 60.1 microm; P < 0.0001). Z-CS4 seems an accurate, noninvasive and reproducible technique for CCT evaluation and confirms that central cornea is thinner when measured with confocal microscopy compared to ultrasounds.Cornea 05/2007; 26(3):303-7. · 1.73 Impact Factor