Eating patterns and breakfast consumption in obese patients with binge eating disorder

Department of Psychiatry, Yale Psychiatric Research, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.
Behaviour Research and Therapy (Impact Factor: 3.85). 12/2006; 44(11):1545-53. DOI: 10.1016/j.brat.2005.10.013
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study examined eating patterns and breakfast consumption, and their relationships to weight and binge eating, in obese individuals with binge eating disorder (BED). One-hundred seventy-three consecutively evaluated men (n=46) and women (n=127) with BED were administered semi-structured interviews and self-report measures to assess the frequency of meals and snacks eaten, as well as binge eating and eating disorder features. Overall, those who consumed more frequent meals, particularly breakfast, and snacks, weighed less. Breakfast, which was eaten on a daily basis by less than half of participants (n=74; 43%), was the least frequently eaten meal of the day. Participants (n=56; 32%) who ate three meals per day weighed significantly less, and had significantly fewer binges, than participants (n=117; 68%) who did not regularly eat three meals per day. Thus, eating more frequently, having breakfast and consuming three meals every day, have potentially important clinical applications for the treatment of BED given that the effectiveness of specific interventions within treatments for BED are unknown, and that weight loss outcome for BED has been poor.

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    • "De gran interés resultó el hallazgo que señala que Comer por Compensación Psicológica (CCP) es el factor predictor más importante de CA para los tres grupos culturales (explica en cada caso mayor varianza), aunque en el modelo mexicano explica la mayor varianza. Estos resultados confirman las distintas investigaciones en las que se ha detectado que el estado de ánimo está estrechamente relacionado con la ingesta de alimentos y principalmente con CA (Gómez-Peresmitré, Pineda & Oviedo, 2008; Guertin & Conger, 1999; Masheb & Grilo, 2006; Ricca et al., 2009; Salinas & Gómez-Peresmitré, 2009; Telch & Agras, 1996). El segundo factor de riesgo predictor de CA fue el de Preocupación por el Peso y la Comida (PPC) compartido por los modelos mexicano y argentino . "
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    • "However, such weight loss during Ramadan may not be sustained [5]. It is noteworthy, that whilst reduced energy intake may lead to weight loss [6], skipping meals on the other hand may induce weight gain, presumably, due to over-compensatory eating habits [7]. "
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    ABSTRACT: We assessed the effect of fasting during Ramadan on blood pressure (BP), body weight, plasma lipid, and lipoprotein variables among healthy normal individuals. 102 (68% male) multi-ethnic volunteers; mean age ± SD (38.7±10.5 years) were randomly recruited in Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates (UAE), to be investigated before Ramadan, one day after the end of Ramadan, and four weeks after Ramadan. Anthropometric, demographic, fasting plasma total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) were measured by standard methods, and Low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) was calculated using Friedewald's formula. 65 subjects completed the study. We found significant and beneficial changes in systolic blood pressure (SBP), body weight, waist circumference (WC), TG, HDL-C and LDL-C, at the end of Ramadan, but not in TC. Further, there was a progressive and significant increase and decrease in HDL-C and LDL-C levels, respectively, four weeks after Ramadan. We observed significant improvements in HDL-C, and LDL-C levels even after four weeks post Ramadan. Ramadan-like fasting may be considered for more effective lipid and lipoprotein control.
    PLoS ONE 10/2012; 7(10):e47615. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0047615 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    • "In this investigation, consuming breakfast was not related to weekly weight loss. These findings are surprising given that several studies have indicated that skipping breakfast is associated with heavier weight status among adolescents (Berkey et al., 2003; Boutelle et al., 2002; Niemeier, Raynor, Lloyd-Richardson, Rogers, & Wing, 2006), individuals diagnosed with a binge eating disorder (Masheb & Grilo, 2006), adult men (van der Heijden et al., 2007) and unsuccessful weight loss maintenance (Wyatt et al., 2002). While it is not clear how skipping breakfast adversely influences weight status, it is plausible that eating breakfast may help individuals regulate energy intake in subsequent meals (see Timlin & Pereira, 2007 for a review). "
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    ABSTRACT: Research suggests that specific eating patterns (e.g., eating breakfast) may be related to favorable weight status. This investigation examined the relationship between eating patterns (i.e., skipping meals; consuming alcohol) and weight loss treatment outcomes (weight loss, energy intake, energy expenditure, and duration of exercise). Fifty-four overweight or obese adults (BMI> or =27 kg/m(2)) participated in a self-help or therapist-assisted weight loss program. Daily energy intake from breakfast, lunch, dinner, and alcoholic beverages, total daily energy intake, total daily energy expenditure, physical activity, and weekly weight loss were assessed. On days that breakfast or dinner was skipped, or alcoholic beverages were not consumed, less total daily energy was consumed compared to days that breakfast, dinner, or alcoholic beverages were consumed. On days that breakfast or alcohol was consumed, daily energy expenditure (breakfast only) and duration of exercise were higher compared to days that breakfast or alcohol was not consumed. Individuals who skipped dinner or lunch more often had lower energy expenditure and exercise duration than individuals who skipped dinner or lunch less often. Individuals who consumed alcohol more often had high daily energy expenditure than individuals who consumed alcohol less often. Skipping meals or consuming alcoholic beverages was not associated with weekly weight loss. In this investigation, weight loss program participants may have compensated for excess energy intake from alcoholic beverages and meals with greater daily energy expenditure and longer exercise duration.
    Appetite 04/2008; 51(3):538-45. DOI:10.1016/j.appet.2008.04.006 · 2.69 Impact Factor
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