Eating patterns and breakfast consumption in obese patients with binge eating disorder

Department of Psychiatry, Yale Psychiatric Research, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.
Behaviour Research and Therapy (Impact Factor: 3.85). 12/2006; 44(11):1545-53. DOI: 10.1016/j.brat.2005.10.013
Source: PubMed


This study examined eating patterns and breakfast consumption, and their relationships to weight and binge eating, in obese individuals with binge eating disorder (BED). One-hundred seventy-three consecutively evaluated men (n=46) and women (n=127) with BED were administered semi-structured interviews and self-report measures to assess the frequency of meals and snacks eaten, as well as binge eating and eating disorder features. Overall, those who consumed more frequent meals, particularly breakfast, and snacks, weighed less. Breakfast, which was eaten on a daily basis by less than half of participants (n=74; 43%), was the least frequently eaten meal of the day. Participants (n=56; 32%) who ate three meals per day weighed significantly less, and had significantly fewer binges, than participants (n=117; 68%) who did not regularly eat three meals per day. Thus, eating more frequently, having breakfast and consuming three meals every day, have potentially important clinical applications for the treatment of BED given that the effectiveness of specific interventions within treatments for BED are unknown, and that weight loss outcome for BED has been poor.

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    • "De gran interés resultó el hallazgo que señala que Comer por Compensación Psicológica (CCP) es el factor predictor más importante de CA para los tres grupos culturales (explica en cada caso mayor varianza), aunque en el modelo mexicano explica la mayor varianza. Estos resultados confirman las distintas investigaciones en las que se ha detectado que el estado de ánimo está estrechamente relacionado con la ingesta de alimentos y principalmente con CA (Gómez-Peresmitré, Pineda & Oviedo, 2008; Guertin & Conger, 1999; Masheb & Grilo, 2006; Ricca et al., 2009; Salinas & Gómez-Peresmitré, 2009; Telch & Agras, 1996). El segundo factor de riesgo predictor de CA fue el de Preocupación por el Peso y la Comida (PPC) compartido por los modelos mexicano y argentino . "

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    • "However, such weight loss during Ramadan may not be sustained [5]. It is noteworthy, that whilst reduced energy intake may lead to weight loss [6], skipping meals on the other hand may induce weight gain, presumably, due to over-compensatory eating habits [7]. "
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    ABSTRACT: We assessed the effect of fasting during Ramadan on blood pressure (BP), body weight, plasma lipid, and lipoprotein variables among healthy normal individuals. 102 (68% male) multi-ethnic volunteers; mean age ± SD (38.7±10.5 years) were randomly recruited in Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates (UAE), to be investigated before Ramadan, one day after the end of Ramadan, and four weeks after Ramadan. Anthropometric, demographic, fasting plasma total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) were measured by standard methods, and Low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) was calculated using Friedewald's formula. 65 subjects completed the study. We found significant and beneficial changes in systolic blood pressure (SBP), body weight, waist circumference (WC), TG, HDL-C and LDL-C, at the end of Ramadan, but not in TC. Further, there was a progressive and significant increase and decrease in HDL-C and LDL-C levels, respectively, four weeks after Ramadan. We observed significant improvements in HDL-C, and LDL-C levels even after four weeks post Ramadan. Ramadan-like fasting may be considered for more effective lipid and lipoprotein control.
    PLoS ONE 10/2012; 7(10):e47615. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0047615 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    • "Having breakfast also was suggested to have potential important clinical application to the treatment of binge eating disorder (Masheb and Grilo, 2006). Recently, the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) also found that by increasing number of eating occasions by not skipping meal especially breakfast and avoid snacking was associated with reduced weight and obesity in adults (Keast et al., 2009). "

    04/2011; 1(2):55-60. DOI:10.5251/ajfn.2011.
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