Diagnosis of amebiasis in Bangladesh.

International Centre for Diarrheal Disease Research (ICDDR,B), Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Archives of Medical Research (Impact Factor: 2.41). 03/2006; 37(2):273-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.arcmed.2005.09.001
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Diagnosis of amebiasis by microscopic identification of the parasite in stool and liver abscess pus is insensitive and unable to distinguish the invasive parasite E. histolytica from the commensal parasites such as E. dispar and E. moshkovskii. New approaches to the detection of E. histolytica are based on detection of E. histolytica-specific antigen and DNA in stool and other clinical samples. Several molecular diagnostic tests for diagnosis of amebiasis have been developed and used to diagnose E. histolytica in Bangladesh. We have compared the TechLab E. histolytica-specific antigen detection test with PCR assays and with isoenzyme analysis of cultured amebas. The PCR assays are based on amplification of the multi-copy small subunit ribosomal RNA gene of E. histolytica and E. dispar. PCR assays and antigen detection test had comparable sensitivities when performed directly on fresh stool specimens. The correlation of antigen detection with PCR assays for identification of E. histolytica was excellent. TechLab's E. histolytica- specific antigen detection test was both rapid and simple to perform, making it appropriate for use in the developing world, where amebiasis is most prevalent.

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