Diagnosis of amebiasis in Bangladesh.
ABSTRACT Diagnosis of amebiasis by microscopic identification of the parasite in stool and liver abscess pus is insensitive and unable to distinguish the invasive parasite E. histolytica from the commensal parasites such as E. dispar and E. moshkovskii. New approaches to the detection of E. histolytica are based on detection of E. histolytica-specific antigen and DNA in stool and other clinical samples. Several molecular diagnostic tests for diagnosis of amebiasis have been developed and used to diagnose E. histolytica in Bangladesh. We have compared the TechLab E. histolytica-specific antigen detection test with PCR assays and with isoenzyme analysis of cultured amebas. The PCR assays are based on amplification of the multi-copy small subunit ribosomal RNA gene of E. histolytica and E. dispar. PCR assays and antigen detection test had comparable sensitivities when performed directly on fresh stool specimens. The correlation of antigen detection with PCR assays for identification of E. histolytica was excellent. TechLab's E. histolytica- specific antigen detection test was both rapid and simple to perform, making it appropriate for use in the developing world, where amebiasis is most prevalent.
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ABSTRACT: Antigen screening were conducted to stool samples from 60 patients admitted to our emergency department with diarrhea complaint between June 2009 and October 2009 by the methods of direct microscopic examination, trichrome staining, ELISA (Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), respectively. As a result of examination of total 60 samples with direct microscopic, trichrome staining and ELISA method, it was detected positive in 7(11.3%), 6(9.7%) and 8(12.9%) samples, respectively. The presence of Entamoeba histolytica has been accepted exactly in the samples in which ELISA test results were positive and necessary treatment of patients has been started immediately. Due to precise pathogen protozoan discrimination has not been performed with the direct microscopic examination, it was emphasized that unnecessary drug therapy would be prevented as a result of detection of presence of E. histolytica specific antigen by ELISA in the samples sent to the laboratory with the diagnosis of amoebiasis by concerned physician.African journal of microbiology research 05/2011; 5:731-733. · 0.54 Impact Factor
- Investigación clínica 12/2012; 53(4):365-377. · 0.49 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to identify the presence of Entamoeba histolytica and E. dispar by nested PCR in children attending the "Dr. Luis Razetti" Hospital, Barcelona, Anzoátegui State. Of the 1,141 fecal samples coproparasitologically evaluated by conventional microscopy, 150 were diagnosed positive for E. histolytica in 0-10 year-old-children, of both sexes. The signs, symptoms and a full coproparasitological report were obtained from all of these and nested PCR was performed to identify E. histolytica and E. dispar. The conventional microscopy results showed a diagnostic frequency of E. histolytica in 13.2% of the cases, of which 79.3% were positive only for this pathogen. However, nested PCR showed that of these, only 28% (42/150) were actually infected by Entamoeba spp., revealing a high over-diagnosis of E. histolytica. We also identified 9.3% E. histolytica, 4% E. dispar and 4.7% mixed infections. Diarrhea was the most common symptom, followed by abdominal pain and fever. Bloody stools were statistically associated with E. histolytica, but were also found for E. dispar infections. This study demonstrates that molecular techniques complementary to conventional methods enable the correct identification of Entamoeba spp., thus contributing to an improved epidemiological assessment of these parasites and implementation of the appropriate treatment.Investigación clínica 12/2012; 53(4):365-77. · 0.49 Impact Factor