Modeling and measurement of temperature sensitivity in birefringent photonic crystal holey fibers.
ABSTRACT We analyzed theoretically the spectral dependence of polarimetric sensitivity to temperature (KT) and the susceptibility of phase modal birefringence to temperature (dB/dT) in several birefringent photonic crystal holey fibers of different construction. Contributions to dB/dT related to thermal expansion of the fiber dimensions and that related to temperature-induced changes in glass and air refractive indices were calculated separately. Our results showed that dB/dT depends strongly on the material used for manufacturing the fiber and on the fiber's geometry. We demonstrate that, by properly designing the birefringent holey fiber, it is possible to reduce its temperature sensitivity significantly and even to ensure a null response to temperature at a specific wavelength. Furthermore, we show that the temperature sensitivity in a fiber with arbitrary geometry can be significantly reduced by proper choice of the glass used in the fiber's manufacture. We also measured the polarimetric sensitivity to temperature and identified its sign in two silica-air fibers. The experimental values are in good agreement with the results of modeling.
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ABSTRACT: A new procedure to obtain single-polarization single-mode polymeric optical fibers is reported. The selective polarization confinement loss mechanism is obtained by applying external hydrostatic pressure in a specially designed side-hole microstructured polymer optical fiber. It is shown that, at λ = 588 nm, pressure around 380 bar allows inducing confinement loss as high as 35 dB/m for one polarization state while the other is guided with low loss (3 ×10-3 dB/m). The loss mechanism is shown to be related to coupling between the fundamental core modes and the cladding modes of the pressurized fiber. Finally, the possibility of tuning the single-polarization single-mode state with the input wavelength with fixed pressure or by introducing small changes in the inner ring of holes of the fiber cross section is presented.Journal of Lightwave Technology 01/2011; 29(16):2372-2378. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Photonic crystal fibers are a kind of fiber optics that present a diversity of new and improved features beyond what conventional optical fibers can offer. Due to their unique geometric structure, photonic crystal fibers present special properties and capabilities that lead to an outstanding potential for sensing applications. A review of photonic crystal fiber sensors is presented. Two different groups of sensors are detailed separately: physical and biochemical sensors, based on the sensor measured parameter. Several sensors have been reported until the date, and more are expected to be developed due to the remarkable characteristics such fibers can offer.Journal of Sensors. 01/2012; 21.
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ABSTRACT: We present a dual mode, large core highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber with a photonic cladding composed of elliptical holes ordered in a rectangular lattice. The fiber is made of borosilicate glass and has a regular set of elliptical holes with an aspect ratio of 1.27 and a filling factor near 0.5. The group birefringence (G) and effective mode area were measured at 1550 nm for the fundamental mode and were found to equal 2 × 10−4 and 20 μm2 respectively. We discuss the influence of structural parameters including the ellipticity of the air holes and the aspect ratio of the rectangular lattice on the birefringence and on the fundamental and second modes of the fiber.Optical Fiber Technology 07/2012; 18(4):220–225. · 1.19 Impact Factor