Association between postprandial remnant-like particle triglyceride (RLP-TG) levels and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes - Assessment by meal tolerance tests (MTT)

Department of Internal Medicine, National Hospital Organization, Utsunomiya National Hospital, Kawachi, Tochigi, Japan.
Endocrine (Impact Factor: 3.53). 11/2005; 28(2):157-63. DOI: 10.1385/ENDO:28:2:157
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Our study evaluated the relationship between the pathologic changes associated with atherosclerosis, as primarily represented by postprandial remnant-like lipoproteins and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), in type 2 diabetic patients. Meal tolerance tests (MTT) were performed in 68 patients with type 2 diabetes. The subjects were divided by pre-meal and 2-h postprandial triglyceride (TG) levels into the normotriglyceridemia (NTG) group; the postprandial hypertriglyceridemia (PHTG) group; and the fasting hypertriglyceridemia (FHTG) group. HOMA-R values were significantly higher in the FHTG group than in the NTG group, with the plasma pre-heparin LPL mass and serum adiponectin levels in the FHTG and PHTG groups significantly lower than in the NTG group. One- and two hour postprandial RLP-TG levels were significantly higher in the PHTG group than in the NTG group, while there was no significant difference in postprandial glucose levels between the two groups. The IMT values were significantly higher in both the FHTG and PHTG groups than in the NTG group. Logistics regression analysis of the 1- and 2-h RLP-TG values using IMT as an induced variable showed the odds ratio for high IMT values to be 5.17 (p < 0.05) for the 1-h RLP-TG values and 3.01 (p = 0.105) for the 2-h RLP-TG values. Our study results suggest that delayed TG metabolism leading to the retention of remnants in type 2 diabetic patients appears to be closely associated with atherosclerosis, and that postprandial hyperlipidemia is an independent risk factor for the early onset of atherosclerosis.

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