ACC/AHA/SCAI 2005 Guideline Update for Percutaneous Coronary Intervention--summary article: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (ACC/AHA/SCAI Writing Committee to Update the 2001 Guidelines for Percutaneous Coronary Intervention).

American College of Cardiology Foundation, 9111 Old Georgetown Road, Bethesda, MD 20814-1699, USA.
Circulation (Impact Factor: 14.95). 02/2006; 113(1):156-75. DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.105.170815
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Platelet function testing could be useful when assessing the risk for bleeding during treatment with antiplatelet drugs. This has been indicated in several studies, including the Antiplatelet Therapy for Reduction of Myocardial Damage During Angioplasty-Bleeding (ARMYDA-BLEEDS) study, which demonstrated that testing with a point-of-care assay correlated with bleeding events after percutaneous coronary intervention. To standardize bleeding definitions, the Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) published a consensus report, which is in need of data-driven validation. Hence, the investigators conducted an observational, prospective, single-center study of 474 patients receiving clopidogrel and aspirin who underwent coronary angiography with or without percutaneous coronary intervention from October 2006 to May 2011. Platelet reactivity was measured with adenosine diphosphate-induced single-platelet function testing (Plateletworks) at the start of coronary angiography. The primary end point was the 30-day incidence of bleeding as defined by BARC and ARMYDA-BLEEDS. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relation between on-treatment platelet reactivity and the 30-day incidence of bleeding complications according to the BARC and ARMYDA-BLEEDS definitions. Patients in the first platelet aggregation quartile had a higher frequency of type 2 or higher BARC bleeding and ARMYDA-BLEEDS-defined bleeding <30 days after coronary angiography compared with the fourth quartile (16.9% vs 6.7%, p = 0.014, and 8.5% vs 1.7%, p = 0.016, respectively) and the third quartile (16.9% vs 7.7%, p = 0.031, and 8.5% vs 2.6%, p = 0.048, respectively). In conclusion, patients with low on-treatment platelet reactivity at the time of intervention had a significantly higher incidence of bleeding according to the BARC and ARMYDA-BLEEDS definitions <30 days after coronary angiography with or without percutaneous coronary intervention.
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    ABSTRACT: Background:SYNTAX score II (SSII) provides individualized estimates of 4-year mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in order to facilitate decision-making between these revascularization methods. The purpose of the present study was to assess SSII in a real-world multicenter registry with distinct regional and epidemiological characteristics.Methods and Results:Long-term mortality was analyzed in 3,896 patients undergoing PCI (n=2,190) or CABG (n=1,796) from the Coronary REvascularization Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto (CREDO-Kyoto) PCI/CABG registry cohort-2. SSII discriminated well in both CABG and PCI patient groups (concordance index [c-index], 0.70; 95% CI: 0.68-0.72; and 0.75, 95% CI: 0.72-0.78) surpassing anatomical SYNTAX score (SS; c-index, 0.50; 95% CI: 0.47-0.53; and 0.59, 95% CI: 0.57-0.61). SSII had the best discriminative ability to separate low-, medium- and high-risk tertiles, and calibration plots showed good predictive performance for CABG and PCI groups. Use of anatomical SS as a reference improved the overall reclassification provided by SSII, with a net reclassification index of 0.5 (P<0.01).Conclusions:SSII has robust prognostic accuracy, both in CABG and in PCI patient groups and, compared with the anatomical SS alone, was more accurate in stratifying patients for late mortality in a real-world complex coronary artery disease Eastern population.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The autonomic nervous system plays a central role in cardiovascular regulation; sympathetic activation occurs during myocardial ischemia. Objective: To assess the spectral analysis of heart rate variability during stent implantation, comparing the types of stent. Methods: This study assessed 61 patients (mean age, 64.0 years; 35 men) with ischemic heart disease and indication for stenting. Stent implantation was performed under Holter monitoring to record the spectral analysis of heart rate variability (Fourier transform), measuring the low-frequency (LF) and high-frequency (HF) components, and the LF/HF ratio before and during the procedure. Results: Bare-metal stent was implanted in 34 patients, while the others received drug-eluting stents. The right coronary artery was approached in 21 patients, the left anterior descending, in 28, and the circumflex, in 9. As compared with the pre-stenting period, all patients showed an increase in LF and HF during stent implantation (658 versus 185 ms2, p = 0.00; 322 versus 121, p = 0.00, respectively), with no change in LF/HF. During stent implantation, LF was 864 ms2 in patients with bare-metal stents, and 398 ms2 in those with drug-eluting stents (p = 0.00). The spectral analysis of heart rate variability showed no association with diabetes mellitus, family history, clinical presentation, beta-blockers, age, and vessel or its segment. Conclusions: Stent implantation resulted in concomitant sympathetic and vagal activations. Diabetes mellitus, use of beta-blockers, and the vessel approached showed no influence on the spectral analysis of heart rate variability. Sympathetic activation was lower during the implantation of drug-eluting stents.
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