Kikuchi's disease associated with systemic lupus erythematosus.

Department of Dermatology, S. N. Medical College and HSK Hospital and Research Centre, Bagalkot, Karnataka, India.
Indian Journal of Dermatology Venereology and Leprology (Impact Factor: 1.33). 01/2005; 71(5):338-41.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A 25-year-old multiparous female presented with fever, joint pains, facial rash and lymphadenopathy of three months' duration. Lymph node biopsy revealed a diagnosis of Kikuchi's disease. She fulfilled seven out of the 11 ARA criteria for SLE. The association of Kikuchi's disease and SLE is rare.

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    ABSTRACT: Kikuchi's disease, also known as histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, is a systemic illness with classic clinical findings of cervical lymphadenopathy and fever. Diagnosis is confirmed by lymph node histology, which reveals paracortical foci of necrosis and a histiocytic infiltrate. Kikuchi's disease has been associated with a number of infections, but no single source has been identified. Diverse, often nonspecific, cutaneous findings have been described in up to 40% of cases. Description of the histopathologic findings of skin lesions is limited to single case reports and one case series. We describe a 24-year-old woman with fevers, lymphadenopathy, hepatic and hematologic abnormalities, and a skin eruption involving the face, neck, trunk, and extremities with characteristic lymph node and cutaneous histopathologic findings. We completed a systematic review of the clinical presentations and histopathology of Kikuchi's disease.
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    ABSTRACT: Kikuchi Fujimoto's disease (KFD) is a rare, immune-mediated, self-limiting disorder with unique histopathological features. KFD is usually seen in young Asian females; however, cases have been reported throughout the world and in all ethnicities. It has been recognized that there is a rare association between Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) and KFD via sporadic case reports. The exact pathophysiological relationship between these two diseases is still unclear. We report a case of a young Asian female who presented with persistent fever and lymphadenopathy and was diagnosed with Kikuchi Fujimoto's disease based on lymph node biopsy; although an SLE workup was done, she did not meet the American Rheumatology Association (ARA) diagnostic criteria for lupus, and the lymph node biopsy did not show features of SLE. She improved clinically with a short course of steroid therapy. Two months later, the patient presented with central facial rash and arthralgia. SLE workup was repeated, a skin biopsy was done, and the results at this time supported a diagnosis of SLE.
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