Analysis of variations in the NAPG gene on chromosome 18p11 in bipolar disorder.
ABSTRACT A number of studies have implicated the chromosome 18p11 region as a susceptibility region for bipolar disorder. The gene encoding gamma-SNAP (NAPG), one of three soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion (NSF)-attachment proteins (SNAPs), is located in the 18p11 region and is thought to play a role in cellular processes required for neurotransmission in the central nervous system. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether polymorphisms in the human NAPG gene contribute to the etiology of bipolar disorder.
To test this hypothesis, we used a case-control design in which the genotype and allele frequencies for five single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the human NAPG gene were compared between individuals with a diagnosis of type I bipolar disorder (n=460) and control individuals (n=191).
The genotype results indicate that three of the single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the NAPG gene, rs2290279 (P=0.027), rs495484 (P=0.044) and rs510110 (P=0.046), show a nominal, statistically significant association with bipolar disorder at the genotype frequency level.
The results of this study suggest that polymorphisms in the human NAPG gene may represent risk factors for the development of bipolar disorder, but before such a role can be established, the results of this study must be confirmed in additional populations of bipolar disorder patients and controls.
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Article: Genetics of bipolar disorder[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Bipolar disorder especially the most severe type (type I), has a strong genetic component. Family studies suggest that a small number of genes of modest effect are involved in this disorder. Family-based studies have identified a number of chromosomal regions linked to bipolar disorder, and progress is currently being made in identifying positional candidate genes within those regions. A number of candidate genes have also shown evidence of association with bipolar disorder, and genome-wide association studies are now under way, using dense genetic maps. Replication studies in larger or combined datasets are needed to definitively assign a role for specific genes in this disorder. This review covers our current knowledge of the genetics of bipolar disorder, and provides a commentary on current approaches used to identify the genes involved in this complex behavioral disorder.Dialogues in clinical neuroscience 02/2008; 10(2):141-52.
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ABSTRACT: The aim of our study was to investigate whether the tandem repeat polymorphism in D18S452 microsatellite marker at locus 18p11.2 is a risk factor of bipolar affective disorder (BPAD) in Kashmiri population. The repeat polymorphism in D18S452 was evaluated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of in 74 diagnosed BPAD patients and 74 controls subjects. Tandem repeat (300 bp*) allele frequency was found to be 1.35% in controls and 8.108% in cases. The tandem repeat (250 bp*) allele frequency was found to be in 91.89% in cases and 98.65% in controls. The 252 bp/252 bp genotype was found to be present in 89.18% of cases and 98.64% of controls, the 300 bp/300 bp genotype in 5.40% of cases and 1.35% of controls and the 252 bp/300 bp variant in 5.40% of cases and none among the controls. Although the proportion of patients homozygous for tandem repeat (300 bp/300 bp) was higher in cases than in controls, the difference was not statistically significant when 252 bp/252 bp genotype was taken as reference (odds ratio [OR]=4.4242; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.4822-40.5924); P=0.1529). However, when the frequency of heterozygous genotype (252 bp/300 bp) was compared with 252 bp/252 bp statistical significance was observed (OR=8.0603; 95% CI 1.1112-58.4646; P=0.0383). This is the first study reporting a significant association between D18S452 maker with tandem repeat polymorphism in heterozygous condition (252 bp/300 bp) and the development of BPAD in Kashmiri population.Indian Journal of Psychiatry 10/2013; 55(4):371-5. DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.120567
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ABSTRACT: Bipolar disorder is a mental health problem throughout the world. Chromosome 18p11 has been identified by several studies as a susceptiblilty region for bipolar disorder and NAPG, located on 18p11, has been suggested as being associated with bipolar disorder in European population. Our study employed five SNPs (rs2290279, rs495484, rs510110, rs617040 and rs473938) to investigate the role of NAPG in the Chinese Han population based on a sample of 465 controls vs. 499 bipolar patients. Rs617040 was excluded from further analysis because of deviation from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Rs473938 and rs2290279 showed significant association in both allele and genotype frequencies (rs473938: allele p=0.0028 after 100,000 permutations, genotype p=0.0018; rs2290279: allele p=0.0042 after 100,000 permutations, genotype p=0.0028). Several combinations of haplotype were found to be associated with bipolar disorder. Haplotype T-A-T of rs473938-rs2290279-rs495484 was defined by confidence intervals algorithm and had a p value of 0.0038 after 100,000 permutations. Our study supports NAPG as a candidate for susceptibility to bipolar disorder.Neuroscience Letters 08/2009; 457(3):159-62. DOI:10.1016/j.neulet.2009.03.070 · 2.06 Impact Factor