Determinants of quality of life and role-related disability after injury: Impact of acute psychological responses
ABSTRACT The factors that determine quality of life (QOL) and disability after traumatic injury are poorly understood. This study identified the unique contributions that characteristics about the injury/hospital admission and acute psychological adjustment make in determining 12-month role-related disability and QOL.
Consecutive admissions (n = 363) to a Level I trauma service were assessed just before discharge and followed up at 12 months. Structural equational modeling was used to examine the relationships between the acute factors and 12-month outcomes.
Characteristics of the individual's injuries measured in the acute setting significantly predicted 12-month disability but only indirectly predicted 12-month QOL. An individual's acute psychological response directly predicted both the level of disability and QOL at 12 months.
Both characteristics about an individual's injury and acute psychological responses play important roles in determining later QOL and role-related disability outcomes. Trauma care systems must consider both physical and psychological injury to offer effective and comprehensive healthcare management.
SourceAvailable from: Susan Mcallister[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Objective: A longitudinal study examined the relationships of injury severity, whether the injury was accidental or was caused by an assault, and self-reported EQ-5D soon after injury, with long-term personal wellbeing among participants with a range of injury types and severity. Methods: Interviews with participants recruited in the Prospective Outcomes of Injury Study (POIS) were conducted up to four time points in the 24 months after injury. Key explanatory variables were New Injury Severity Score (NISS), whether the injury was accidental or resulted from assault, and self-reported health status (five EQ-5D questions and a similar question about cognition) reported at three months. The main outcome measure at 24 months was the Personal Wellbeing Index (PWI) (PWI <70='low' wellbeing). Univariate and multivariable analyses examined relationships between explanatory variables and low PWI. Results: Even in a group of people with injuries traditionally regarded as being of mild or moderate anatomical severity, wellbeing continues to be affected for an appreciable time post-injury, with a quarter (27%) of study participants having a low level of personal wellbeing 24 months after their injury. Neither anatomical injury severity nor hospitalisation were predictive of low personal wellbeing. An increased risk of low personal wellbeing was observed in participants whose injury was caused by an intentional assault (rather than accident), and in those who reported problems three months post-injury with EQ-5D self-care, anxiety/depression or cognitive functioning. Conclusions: Identification of such individuals early after an injury is of particular importance and ensuring adequate support services are put in place that encourage reintegration back into work and social networks could help prevent ongoing poor wellbeing.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Traumatic injury and mental health disorders are co-associated. Early identification of depression, anxiety and stress following injury, and subsequent preventive intervention, may reduce the long-term symptoms and negative impacts associated with depression and anxiety. The purpose of the study was to determine the incidence, severity and predictors of depression, anxiety and stress in injured patients in the acute phase of care, and at six months following injury, as well as the effectiveness of an in-hospital screening tool. This descriptive longitudinal study of trauma patients was conducted at a Level 1 Metropolitan Trauma Centre in Australia over 14 months. Participants were interviewed using the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale short-form version (DASS-21) during hospital admission then at 3 and 6 months after injury. Descriptive statistics were performed to evaluate participant characteristics and incidence of depression, anxiety and stress. Correlations and logistic regression were conducted to investigate the ability of the DASS-21 to predict symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress and to investigate factors associated with depression, anxiety and stress 6 months after injury. 201 participants ranging in age (18-94 years) and injury severity participated in the baseline interview and 109 completed all 3 interviews over 6 months. Over half (54%) reported above normal scores for depression, anxiety and/or stress in at least one of the 3 time points. Intensive care unit admission and high levels of depression, anxiety and stress at 3 months post injury were predictors for high levels of depression, anxiety and stress at 6 months. Low scores for depression, anxiety and stress during admission were correlated with low scores for depression, anxiety and stress at 3 and 6 months. Depression, anxiety and stress in patients hospitalised following injury is common and should be anticipated in patients who have had an intensive care admission. Screening at 3 months following injury identifies patients at risk of long-term symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress.Scandinavian Journal of Trauma Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 01/2015; 23(1):29. DOI:10.1186/s13049-015-0109-z · 1.93 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The MSF programme in Jordan provides specialized reconstructive surgical care to war-wounded civilians in the region. The short musculoskeletal functional assessment score (SMFA) provides a method for quantitatively assessing functional status following orthopaedic trauma. In June 2010 the Amman team established SMFA as the standard for measuring patients' functional status. The objective of this retrospective study is to evaluate whether the SMFA scores can be useful for patients with chronic war injuries. All patients with lower limb injuries requiring reconstruction were enrolled in the study. Each patient's SMFA was assessed at admission, at discharge from Amman and during follow-up in home country. In the analysis we compared patients with infected versus non-infected injuries as well as with both high and low admissions dysfunctional index (ADI). Among infected patients, higher ADI correlated with more surgeries and longer hospital stay. Infected patients with ADI >50 required an average of 2.7 surgeries while those with ADI <50, averaged 1.7 operations (p=0.0809). Non-infected patients with ADI >50 required an average of 1.6 operations compared to 1.5 for those with ADI <50 (p=0.4168). The ADI score in our sample appeared to be useful in two areas: (1) hospital course in patients with infection, where a high ADI score correlated with longer hospital stays and more surgeries, and (2) prognosis, which was better for non-infected patients who had high ADI scores. A scoring system that predicts functional outcome following surgical reconstruction of lower limb injuries would be enormously useful. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.Injury 10/2014; 45(12):1996-2001. DOI:10.1016/j.injury.2014.10.003 · 2.46 Impact Factor