Influence of Genotype 3 Hepatitis C Coinfection on Liver Enzyme Elevation in HIV-1-Positive Patients After Commencement of a New Highly Active Antiretroviral Regimen: Results From the EPOKA-MASTER Cohort
The independent role of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 3 in liver transaminase elevation following highly active antiretroviral regimens is still controversial.
Analysis of data from a cohort of 492 HIV/HCV-coinfected patients was conducted using an intention-to-treat approach. Incidence of grade > or = III liver transaminase elevation was estimated per 100 patient-years of follow-up. Univariate and multiple proportional hazards regression analysis of factors that may predict liver enzyme elevation was performed.
The incidence of grade > or = III hepatotoxicity was 25 per 100 patient-years among patients coinfected with HCV genotype 3 and 11 per 100 patient-years among those with other genotypes. On multiple proportional hazard regression analysis, time-to-grade > or = III liver enzyme elevation was directly correlated with HCV genotype 3 (hazards ratio [HR]: 2.0, 95% CI: 1.3 to 2.9; P = 0.001), male gender (HR: 2.7; 95% CI: 1.3 to 5.7; P = 0.007), chronic hepatitis B virus infection (HR: 2.9, 95% CI: 1.5 to 5.9; P = 0.002), and alanine aminotransferase level at baseline (per 10 IU/L HR: 1.10; 95% CI: 1.06 to 1.15; P < 0.001). In the same model, higher CD4 T-cell counts at baseline were inversely correlated with risk of hepatotoxicity (HR: 0.998; 95% CI: 0.997 to 0.999; P = 0.036). Moreover, among patients experienced to antiretroviral drugs, previous grade > or = III hepatotoxicity (HR: 2.8; 95% CI: 1.8 to 4.3; P < 0.001) was an adjunctive independent risk factor.
HIV-positive patients coinfected with HCV genotype 3 displayed a higher risk of relevant hepatotoxicity, independently from other clinical variables. The impact of HCV genotype outweighed the role of drugs in determining hepatotoxicity.
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