Electrophysiological characterization of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in cat petrosal ganglion neurons in culture: effects of cytisine and its bromo derivatives.

Laboratorio de Neurobiología, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, P. Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.
Brain Research (Impact Factor: 2.83). 02/2006; 1072(1):72-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2005.12.006
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Petrosal ganglion neurons are depolarized and fire action potentials in response to acetylcholine and nicotine. However, little is known about the subtype(s) of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors involved, although alpha4 and alpha7 subunits have been identified in petrosal ganglion neurons. Cytisine, an alkaloid unrelated to nicotine, and its bromo derivatives are agonists exhibiting different affinities, potencies and efficacies at nicotinic acetylcholine receptors containing alpha4 or alpha7 subunits. To characterize the receptors involved, we studied the effects of these agonists and the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor antagonists hexamethonium and alpha-bungarotoxin in isolated petrosal ganglion neurons. Petrosal ganglia were excised from anesthetized cats and cultured for up to 16 days. Using patch-clamp technique, we recorded whole-cell currents evoked by 5-10 s applications of acetylcholine, cytisine or its bromo derivatives. Agonists and antagonists were applied by gravity from a pipette near the neuron surface. Neurons responded to acetylcholine, cytisine, 3-bromocytisine and 5-bromocytisine with fast inward currents that desensitized during application of the stimuli and were reversibly blocked by 1 microM hexamethonium or 10 nM alpha-bungarotoxin. The order of potency of the agonists was 3-bromocytisine > acetylcholine approximately = cytisine > 5-bromocytisine, suggesting that homomeric alpha7 neuronal nicotinic receptors predominate in cat petrosal ganglion neurons in culture.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Nicotine is an addictive drug like heroin, amphetamine or cocaine. Addiction to tobacco leads to significant failure rates in programmes for smoking cessation. The α4β2 and α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) and CB1 cannabinoid receptors play an important role in nicotine addiction.
    Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents 02/2007; 17(3):287-297. · 3.44 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Covering: up to the end of 2011. This review covers classical and modern structural modifications of the alkaloid, the more recent (since 2007) syntheses of cytisine and analogues, and the pharmacology of these compounds, with emphasis on their interactions with nicotinic receptors. 89 references are cited.
    Natural Product Reports 02/2012; 29(5):555-67. · 10.72 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In association with NMDA receptors (NMDARs), neuronal α7 nicotinic ACh receptors (nAChRs) have been implicated in neuronal plasticity as well as neurodevelopmental, neurological, and psychiatric disorders. However, the role of presynaptic NMDARs and their interaction with α7 nAChRs in these physiological and pathophysiological events remains unknown. Here we report that axonal α7 nAChRs modulate presynaptic NMDAR expression and structural plasticity of glutamatergic presynaptic boutons during early synaptic development. Chronic inactivation of α7 nAChRs markedly increased cell surface NMDAR expression as well as the number and size of glutamatergic axonal varicosities in cortical cultures. These boutons contained presynaptic NMDARs and α7 nAChRs, and recordings from outside-out pulled patches of enlarged presynaptic boutons identified functional NMDAR-mediated currents. Multiphoton imaging of presynaptic NMDAR-mediated calcium transients demonstrated significantly larger responses in these enlarged boutons, suggesting enhanced presynaptic NMDAR function that could lead to increased glutamate release. Moreover, whole-cell patch clamp showed a significant increase in synaptic charge mediated by NMDAR miniature EPSCs but no alteration in the frequency of AMPAR miniature EPSCs, suggesting the selective enhancement of postsynaptically silent synapses upon inactivation of α7 nAChRs. Taken together, these findings indicate that axonal α7 nAChRs modulate presynaptic NMDAR expression and presynaptic and postsynaptic maturation of glutamatergic synapses, and implicate presynaptic α7 nAChR/NMDAR interactions in synaptic development and plasticity.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 09/2010; 107(38):16661-6. · 9.81 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Jun 4, 2014