Article

North American white mitochondrial haplogroups in prostate and renal cancer.

Department of Urology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA.
The Journal of Urology (Impact Factor: 3.75). 03/2006; 175(2):468-72; discussion 472-3. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5347(05)00163-1
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT While the mitochondrion is known to be a key mediator of apoptosis, there has been little inquiry into the inheritance pattern of mitochondria in patients with cancer. We compared the mtDNA haplotype in patients with prostate and renal cancer to that in controls to determine if there is an association between mitochondrial genotype and cancer.
Haplotyping was performed using polymerase chain reaction/digest identification of key polymorphic sites in the mitochondrial genome. A total of 121 and 221 white men with renal and prostate cancer, respectively, were identified following pathological confirmation of cancer, while 246 white controls were selected randomly from a bank of cadaveric organ donor DNA. Statistical analysis was performed and ORs were calculated.
Mitochondrial haplogroup U was a highly significant risk factor for prostate and renal cancer vs controls (16.74% and 20.66% vs 9.35%, Fisher's exact test p = 0.019 and 0.005, respectively). The association remained statistically significant in renal cancer even after Bonferroni adjustment for multiple comparisons. Haplogroup U carried an OR of 1.95 for prostate cancer and an OR of 2.52 for renal cancer.
The inheritance of mitochondrial haplogroup U is associated with an approximately 2-fold increased risk of prostate cancer and 2.5-fold increased risk of renal cancer in white North American individuals. Therefore, individuals with this mitochondrial haplotype are in a high risk group. Because mitochondrial haplogroup U is found in 9.35% of the white United States population, there are more than 20 million individuals in this high risk group.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
86 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mitochondrial common variants (mtSNPs) and the haplogroups defined by them have been inconsistently correlated with increased prostate cancer risk. Here we aimed to investigate the influence of the mitochondrial genetic background on prostate cancer. A total of 15 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) representing the common European branches of the mtDNA phylogeny were analyzed in a cohort of 620 Spanish prostate cancer patients and 616 matched population-based controls. Association tests were computed on mtSNPs and haplogroups. None of the evaluated mtSNPs or haplogroups were statistically associated with prostate cancer risk in our Spanish cohort. We show that previous association findings do not rest on solid grounds given that all of them (i) were based on underpowered studies, (ii) did not control for population stratification, (iii) lacked replication/confirmation cohorts, and (iv) and did not control for multiple test corrections. Taken together, a critical reassessment of the previous literature and the results obtained in the present study suggest that mtDNA common European variants are not correlated with increases in the risk for prostate cancer.Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 5 June 2014; doi:10.1038/jhg.2014.46.
    Journal of Human Genetics 06/2014; · 2.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recent studies have shown association of mtDNA background with cancer development. We analyzed mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region variation of 201 patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and of 201 normal controls from Chaoshan Han Chinese to discern mtDNA haplogroup effect on the disease onset. Binary logistic regression analysis with adjustment for gender and age revealed that the haplogroup R9 (P = 0.011, OR = 1.91, 95% CI = 1.16-3.16), particularly its sub-haplogroup F1 (P = 0.015, OR = 2.43, 95% CI = 1.18-5.00), were associated significantly with increased NPC risk. These haplogroups were further confirmed to confer high NPC risk in males and/or individuals ≥40 years of age, but not in females or in subjects <40 years old. Our results indicated that mtDNA background confers genetic susceptibility to NPC in Chaoshan Han Chinese, and R9, particularly its sub-haplogroup F1, is a risk factor for NPC.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(1):e87795. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: mtDNA non-synonymous germ line variation (G10398A; p.A114T) has remained equivocal with least mechanistic understanding in showing an association with cancer. This has necessitated showing in-vitro how an over-expression within mitochondria of either of the variants produces higher intracellular ROS, resulting in differential anchorage dependent and independent growth. Both these features were observed to be relatively higher in ND3:114T variant. An elevated amount of intracellular carbonylated proteins and a reduced activity of a key glycolytic enzyme, Pyruvate kinase M2, along with high glucose uptake and lactate production were other pro-cancerous features observed. The retrograde signaling through surplus ROS was generated by post-ND3 over-expression regulated nuclear gene expression epigenetically, involving selectively the apoptotic-DDR-pathways. The feature of ND3 over-expression, inducing ROS mediated pro-cancerous features in the cells in in vitro, was replicated in a pilot study in a limited number of sporadic breast tumors, suggesting the importance of mitochondrial germ-line variant(s) in enabling the cells to acquire pro-cancerous features.
    Scientific Reports 10/2014; 4. · 5.08 Impact Factor