A semiconductor source of triggered entangled photon pairs.

Toshiba Research Europe Limited, 260 Cambridge Science Park, Cambridge CB4 0WE, UK.
Nature (Impact Factor: 42.35). 02/2006; 439(7073):179-82. DOI: 10.1038/nature04446
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Entangled photon pairs are an important resource in quantum optics, and are essential for quantum information applications such as quantum key distribution and controlled quantum logic operations. The radiative decay of biexcitons-that is, states consisting of two bound electron-hole pairs-in a quantum dot has been proposed as a source of triggered polarization-entangled photon pairs. To date, however, experiments have indicated that a splitting of the intermediate exciton energy yields only classically correlated emission. Here we demonstrate triggered photon pair emission from single quantum dots suggestive of polarization entanglement. We achieve this by tuning the splitting to zero, through either application of an in-plane magnetic field or careful control of growth conditions. Entangled photon pairs generated 'on demand' have significant fundamental advantages over other schemes, which can suffer from multiple pair emission, or require post-selection techniques or the use of photon-number discriminating detectors. Furthermore, control over the pair generation time is essential for scaling many quantum information schemes beyond a few gates. Our results suggest that a triggered entangled photon pair source could be implemented by a simple semiconductor light-emitting diode.

1 Bookmark
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sources of single photons are key elements in the study of basic quantum optical concepts and applications in quantum information science. Among the different sources available, semiconductor quantum dots excel with their straight forward integrability in semiconductor based on-chip solutions and the potential that photon emission can be triggered on demand. Usually, the photon emission event is part of a cascaded biexciton-exciton emission scheme. Important properties of the emitted photon such as polarization and time of emission are either probabilistic in nature or pre-determined by electronic properties of the system. In this work, we study the direct two-photon emission from the biexciton. We show that emission through this higher-order transition provides a much more versatile approach to generate a single photon. In the scheme we propose, the two-photon emission from the biexciton is enabled by a laser field (or laser pulse) driving the system into a virtual state inside the band gap. From this intermediate virtual state, the single photon of interest is then spontaneously emitted. Its properties are determined by the driving laser pulse, enabling all-optical on-the-fly control of polarization state, frequency, and time of emission of the photon.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ensembles of InAs quantum dots with a very low density (∼106 cm−2) are grown by molecular beam epitaxy, which allows the spectral characteristics of emission of single quantum dots to be studied by the method of cryogenic microphotoluminescence. With increasing quantum dot size, the splitting of exciton states is demonstrated to increase steadily to ∼102 µeV. In the exciton energy range of 1.3–1.4 eV, the magnitude of this splitting is comparable with the natural width of the exciton lines. This result is important for the development of emitters of entangled photon pairs based on InAs quantum dots.
    Optoelectronics Instrumentation and Data Processing 09/2013; 49(5):498-503. DOI:10.3103/S8756699013050117
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Controlling single-particle wave functions in single semiconductor quantum dots is in demand to implement solid-state quantum information processing and spintronics. Normally, particle wave functions can be tuned transversely by an perpendicular magnetic field. We report a longitudinal wave function control in single quantum dots with a magnetic field. For a pure InAs quantum dot with a shape of pyramid or truncated pyramid, the hole wave function always occupies the base because of the less confinement at base, which induces a permanent dipole oriented from base to apex. With applying magnetic field along the base-apex direction, the hole wave function shrinks in the base plane. Because of the linear changing of the confinement for hole wave function from base to apex, the center of effective mass moves up during shrinking process. Due to the uniform confine potential for electrons, the center of effective mass of electrons does not move much, which results in a permanent dipole moment change and an inverted electron-hole alignment along the magnetic field direction. Manipulating the wave function longitudinally not only provides an alternative way to control the charge distribution with magnetic field but also a new method to tune electron-hole interaction in single quantum dots.

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 20, 2014