Successful aging.

American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry (Impact Factor: 3.52). 02/2006; 14(1):2-5. DOI: 10.1097/01.JGP.0000195222.93655.d1
Source: PubMed
1 Follower
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The study of wisdom has recently become a subject of growing scientific interest, although the concept of wisdom is ancient. This article focuses on conceptualization of wisdom in the Bhagavad Gita, arguably the most influential of all ancient Hindu philosophical/religious texts. Our review, using mixed qualitative/quantitative methodology with the help of Textalyser and NVivo software, found the following components to be associated with the concept of wisdom in the Gita: Knowledge of life, Emotional Regulation, Control over Desires, Decisiveness, Love of God, Duty and Work, Self-Contentedness, Compassion/Sacrifice, Insight/Humility, and Yoga (Integration of Personality). A comparison of the conceptualization of wisdom in the Gita with that in modern scientific literature shows several similarities, such as rich knowledge about life, emotional regulation, insight, and a focus on common good (compassion). Apparent differences include an emphasis on control over desires and renunciation of materialistic pleasures. Importantly, the Gita suggests that at least certain components of wisdom can be taught and learned. We believe that the concepts of wisdom in the Gita are relevant to modern psychiatry in helping develop psychotherapeutic interventions that could be more individualistic and more holistic than those commonly practiced today, and they aim at improving personal well-being rather than just psychiatric symptoms.
    Psychiatry Interpersonal & Biological Processes 02/2008; 71(3):197-209. DOI:10.1521/psyc.2008.71.3.197 · 3.18 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to solicit the opinions of older adults about factors related to successful aging using focus group methods. Twelve focus groups were conducted with an average of six individuals per group. Participants included 72 community-dwelling older adults (age range: 60-99 years) recruited primarily from retirement communities in San Diego County, California. Interview transcripts were analyzed using a grounded theory framework of "Coding Consensus, Co-occurrence, and Comparison." A total of 33 factors were identified, out of which four major themes emerged: attitude/adaptation, security/stability, health/wellness, and engagement/stimulation. Every focus group emphasized the need for a positive attitude, realistic perspective, and the ability to adapt to change. Security and stability encapsulated one's living environment, social support, and financial resources. General physical health and wellness were frequently mentioned, with mixed opinions on their necessity for successful aging. Finally, a sense of engagement, reflected in pursuit of continued stimulation, learning, feeling a sense of purpose in life, and being useful to others and to society, was considered a prominent aspect of successful aging. All four themes appeared to be interrelated such that engagement required a foundation of security and stability while positive attitude and adaptation strategies often compensated for impaired physical health. Older adults place greater emphasis on psychosocial factors as being key to successful aging, with less emphasis on factors such as longevity, genetics, absence of disease/disability, function, and independence.
    American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 04/2007; 15(3):194-201. DOI:10.1097/JGP.0b013e318030255f · 3.52 Impact Factor
  • American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 01/2008; 15(12):987-90. DOI:10.1097/JGP.0b013e31815ae35c · 3.52 Impact Factor