Food groups and risk of benign prostatic hyperplasia
ABSTRACT To evaluate the role of a wide range of foods on the risk of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), we conducted a case-control study in Italy between 1991 and 2002. Although BPH is an extremely common condition, particularly among older men, its risk factors, including dietary ones, remain largely undefined.
Included in the study were 1369 patients younger than 75 years old surgically treated for BPH and 1451 controls younger than 75 years of age who had been admitted to the same hospitals as cases for a wide spectrum of acute, non-neoplastic conditions. A validated and reproducible food frequency questionnaire, including 78 foods and beverages, plus a separate section on alcoholic beverages, was used to assess patients' dietary habits 2 years before diagnosis or hospital admission. Multivariate odds ratios (OR) were obtained after allowance for energy intake and other major potential confounding factors.
A significant trend of increasing risk with more frequent consumption was found for cereals (OR 1.55 for the greatest versus lowest quintile), bread (OR 1.69), eggs (OR 1.43), and poultry (OR 1.39). Inverse associations were observed for soups (OR 0.74), pulses (OR 0.74), cooked vegetables (OR 0.66), and citrus fruit (OR 0.82). No association was observed for milk and yogurt products, coffee and tea, pasta and rice, fish, cheese, row vegetables, potatoes, fruit, or desserts.
The results of this study suggest a role for dietary habits on the risk of BPH. In particular, a diet rich in cereals and some types of meat and poor in vegetables and pulses may have an unfavorable effect in this Italian population.
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ABSTRACT: The aim of the current study was to explore the effect of health‐related behaviours and the support of family members on the clinical symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) patients, and to provide some clues for the symptoms control of BPH. The data were collected in three hospitals in Hubei Province, China, from June to September 2011. The health‐related behaviours included cigarette smoking, alcohol intake, tea and coffee consumption, and drinking water regularly, and the support of family members included the support from spouse, siblings, and offspring in the previous year. The χ 2 test and multivariable logistic regression models were used to assess their effects on the International Prostatic Symptom Score (IPSS). With regard to health‐related behaviours, only coffee consumption (OR = 0·33, 95% CI: 0·11–0·96) and drinking water regularly (OR = 0·44, 95% CI: 0·24–0·81) had significant effects on the IPSS. Although the χ 2 test suggested that support from offspring of patients with BPH was statistically significant, after adjusting for potential confounding variables the association was not statistically significant. Although there were some limitations, the current study provides preliminary clues and evidences for the role of coffee intake and regularly drinking water played in the Chinese men with BPH. More in‐depth research is needed to enhance the role of health‐related behaviours and social factors in the clinical practice of BPH.International Journal of Urological Nursing 03/2013; 7(1). DOI:10.1111/j.1749-771X.2012.01162.x · 0.19 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), a disease occurring frequently among elderly males, is a slow progressive enlargement of the fibromuscular and epithelial structures of the prostate gland. Dietary factors may influence the prostate and exert an influence on prostatic growth and disease. The current study was undertaken to investigate the protective effect of dietary flaxseed supplementation against testosterone-induced prostatic hyperplasia in male rats. Forty male Wistar rats were divided into 5 groups: (1) untreated control; (2) treatment with testosterone propionate (TP) to induce prostate enlargement; (3) TP-treated group fed a diet containing 5% milled flaxseed; (4) TP-treated group fed a diet containing 10% milled flaxseed; and (5) TP-treated group fed a diet containing 20 ppm finasteride. Treatment with TP significantly increased the absolute and relative weights of different prostatic lobes, serum testosterone (T), and testosterone/estradiol ratio, as well as prostatic vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression, RNA synthesis per cell, and epithelial cell proliferation, detected as Ki67 labeling. Histopathological examination did not reveal marked differences in acinar morphology in ventral prostate, whereas morphometric analysis showed significantly increased epithelial cell height. Co-administration of flaxseed or finasteride with TP significantly reduced prostatic VEFG, epithelial cell proliferation, and RNA/DNA ratio, along with a significant increase in serum T and testosterone/estradiol ratio compared with TP-only-treated rats. Our results indicate that flaxseed, similar to the 5α-reductase inhibitor finasteride, blocked TP-induced prostate enlargement in a rat model of BPH, likely through suppression of prostatic VEFG and cellular proliferation.Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Part A 04/2015; 78(7):453-65. DOI:10.1080/15287394.2014.993779 · 1.83 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Prostate is an important male reproductive system gland and its disorders can affect men's quality of life and health. Prostatitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and prostate adenocarcinoma are major disorders that can be found in all men in different ages. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of diet with serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) level as well as prostate volume. In this cross-sectional study, 950 men older than 40 years of age who had attended our clinic for a screening program for prostate cancer were enrolled. Data was extracted from the program database. The eligible cases included all noncancerous subjects with available data concerning serum PSA level and prostate volume; the patients had completed a 50-item self-administered food frequency questionnaire about their diet during the preceding two year. No overall association was found between the consumption of foods and prostate volume as well as serum PSA level. There was a significant correlations between age and serum PSA level (r = 0.24) as well as with prostate volume (r = 0.22) (P < 0.001). In addition, there was a significant correlation between serum PSA level and prostate volume (r = 0.41 and P < 0.001). The results of this study confirmed the previous reports regarding the serum PSA level correlation with prostate volume. There was no evidence that dietary patterns might have any important effect on prostate volume and serum PSA in this Iranian population.