Gyrus bipolar versus standard monopolar transurethral resection of the prostate: a randomized prospective trial.
ABSTRACT To compare bipolar plasmakinetic (PK) with standard monopolar transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP).
A total of 70 patients were prospectively randomized into two groups: 35 patients underwent PK TURP with the Gyrus device, and 35 patients underwent standard monopolar TURP. We evaluated the time to catheter removal and hospital discharge, operating time, blood loss, postoperative irrigation, complications, urinary flow rates, symptom relief, and postvoid residual volumes.
At baseline, the study groups were comparable in age, prostate volume, mean prostate-specific antigen value, International Prostate Symptom Score, quality-of-life score, flow rate, and postvoid residual volume. The mean catheterization time was 72 and 100 hours in the PK and standard groups, respectively. This difference was statistically significant (P <0.05), as was the difference in the time to hospital discharge. No difference was found in the mean resection time, amount of resected tissue, or variations in hemoglobin and sodium levels. The improvement in flow rate, postvoid residual volume, International Prostate Symptom Score, and quality-of-life score was comparable between the two groups at 12 months of follow-up.
In our experience, PK TURP showed comparable perioperative results to those obtained with standard TURP, but with more favorable postoperative outcomes. The resection time and blood loss were similar between the two groups, but the need for continuous bladder irrigation after surgery and time to catheter removal and hospital discharge were significantly shorter in the PK group.
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ABSTRACT: Plasmakinetic vaporesection of the prostate (PKVP) using normal saline irrigation has the theoretical advantage of avoiding transurethral resection syndrome and minimizing blood loss. It may also shorten the operative time since tissue is resected instead of just vaporized. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency, safety and advantages of PKVP compared with standard transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) at a regional acute hospital. A total of 60 consecutive men admitted from a waiting list for surgery for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) were prospectively randomized to either PKVP or TURP. Peri- and postoperative outcome data at 3 months were obtained. The PKVP loop achieved a fast and sharp cutting action similar to that with the traditional TURP loop. Data analysis was based on 51 patients. There were no significant differences between the methods in resection time, postoperative catheterization time and hospital stay. The mean reductions in serum sodium 2 hours after PKVP and on postoperative day 1 were 0.52 mmol/L and 3.35 mmol/L, respectively, while mean reductions in haemoglobin were 0.36 g/dL and 0.24 g/dL, respectively. There was no significant difference in haemoglobin reductions between PKVP and TURP (p = 0.326 at 2 hours; p = 0.192 on day 1) and serum sodium (p = 0.757 at 2 hours; p = 0.888 on day 1). Both groups achieved comparable improvement in International Prostate Symptom Score (p = 0.862), quality-of-life score (p = 0.169) and peak flow rate (p = 0.96) at 3-month follow-up. PKVP achieved comparable results to traditional TURP and was an effective and safe procedure. However, it did not demonstrate obvious advantages over TURP in this acute regional hospital regular TURP list setting.Asian Journal of Surgery 02/2005; 28(1):24-8. · 0.54 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Benign prostatic hyperplasia is commonly treated with alpha-adrenergic-receptor antagonists (alpha-blockers) or 5alpha-reductase inhibitors. The long-term effect of these drugs, singly or combined, on the risk of clinical progression is unknown. We conducted a long-term, double-blind trial (mean follow-up, 4.5 years) involving 3047 men to compare the effects of placebo, doxazosin, finasteride, and combination therapy on measures of the clinical progression of benign prostatic hyperplasia. The risk of overall clinical progression--defined as an increase above base line of at least 4 points in the American Urological Association symptom score, acute urinary retention, urinary incontinence, renal insufficiency, or recurrent urinary tract infection--was significantly reduced by doxazosin (39 percent risk reduction, P<0.001) and finasteride (34 percent risk reduction, P=0.002), as compared with placebo. The reduction in risk associated with combination therapy (66 percent for the comparison with placebo, P<0.001) was significantly greater than that associated with doxazosin (P<0.001) or finasteride (P<0.001) alone. The risks of acute urinary retention and the need for invasive therapy were significantly reduced by combination therapy (P<0.001) and finasteride (P<0.001) but not by doxazosin. Doxazosin (P<0.001), finasteride (P=0.001), and combination therapy (P<0.001) each resulted in significant improvement in symptom scores, with combination therapy being superior to both doxazosin (P=0.006) and finasteride (P<0.001) alone. Long-term combination therapy with doxazosin and finasteride was safe and reduced the risk of overall clinical progression of benign prostatic hyperplasia significantly more than did treatment with either drug alone. Combination therapy and finasteride alone reduced the long-term risk of acute urinary retention and the need for invasive therapy.New England Journal of Medicine 12/2003; 349(25):2387-98. · 51.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To assess the efficacy and the safety of a new transurethral endoscopic device using bipolar electrocautery, the Gyrus system. This system permits rapid prostate tissue removal by endoscopic vaporization with little bleeding and no pad return using saline irrigation and therefore eliminating TURP syndrome. Forty-two patients (mean age 70; range 49-90 years) with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) without suspected cancer, confirmed by digital rectal examination and PSA tests, were treated between October 1998 and February 1999 with the Gyrus and evaluated at 1 and 3 months postoperatively by the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and maximum urinary flow rate. No postoperative bleeding necessitating catheterization for postoperative retention occurred. The duration of the procedure was < or = 30 minutes in 12 patients, 30 to 60 minutes in 27 patients, and >60 minutes in 3 patients. The mean time of postoperative continuous bladder irrigation was 1.2 days (0.5-3 days). The mean catheterization time was 1.4 days (range 0.5-5 days). Urethral stricture requiring treatment occurred in two patients. Dysuria was reported by four patients (mild two, severe two). The postoperative hospitalization was a mean of 2.2 days. The mean peak flow rate increased from 7.9 to 19.7 mL/sec at 3 months, and the IPSS decreased from 16 to 9 at 3 months. Our preliminary results with a bipolar electrode for electrovaporization of the prostate using the Gyrus suggest that it is a useful and safe endoscopic device. It appears to be an effective treatment for BPH; however, long-term results (i.e., 1-year follow-up) should be evaluated. This pilot series permits a comparative study with TURP to assess the benefits for patients and the health care system.Journal of Endourology 05/2001; 15(3):313-6. · 2.07 Impact Factor