Simultaneous determination of captopril and hydrochlorothiazide in human plasma by reverse-phase HPLC from linear gradient elution.
ABSTRACT A simple, rapid and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the simultaneous determination of captopril and hydrochlorothiazide in human plasma samples was developed. Captopril was derivatized with 2,4'-dibromoacetophenone (pBPB) to form a captopril-pBPB adduct. From acidified serum plasma samples, the hydrochlorothiazide and derivatized captopril was extracted with 5 ml ether, then with 5 ml dichloromethane. Effective chromatographic separation was achieved using a C(18) column (DIAMONSIL 150 mmx4 mm i.d., 5 microm) based on an acetonitrile-trifluoroacetic acid-water gradient elution at a flow rate of 1.2 ml/min. The internal standard (IS), derivatized captopril and hydrochlorothiazide were detected at 263 nm and were eluted at 4.2, 6.8 and 16.9 min, respectively. No endogenous substances were found to interfere. The limit of quantification for hydrochlorothiazide and derivatized captopril in plasma were 3.3 and 7 ng/ml. The calibration curve for derivatized captopril showed linearity in the range 20-4000 ng/ml, with a regression coefficient corresponding to 0.9993 and the coefficient of the variation of the points of the calibration curve being lower than 10%. The calibration curve for hydrochlorothiazide showed linearity in the range 10-1200 ng/ml, with a regression coefficient corresponding to 0.9999 and the coefficient of the variation of the points of the calibration curve being lower than 10%. The method was suitably validated and successfully applied to the determination of captopril and hydrochlorothiazide in human plasma samples.
Article: Novel Spectrophotometric Method for the Assay of Captopril in Dosage Forms using 2,6-Dichloroquinone-4-Chlorimide[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A simple spectrophotometric method was developed for the determination of captopril (CPL) in pharmaceutical preparations. The method is based on coupling captopril with 2,6-dichloroquinone-4-chlorimide (DCQ) in dimethylsulphoxide. The yellow reaction product was measured at 443 nm. The absorbance –concentration plot was rectilinear over the range of 10-50 µg/mL with minimum detection limit (LOD) of 0.66 µg/mL and a quantification limit (LOQ) of 2.0 µg/mL. The different experimental parameters affecting the development and stability of the color were carefully studied and optimized. The proposed method was successfully applied to the analysis of commercial tablets and the results were in good agreement with those obtained using official and reference spectrophotometric methods. Hydrochlorothiazide which is frequently co-formulated with CPL did not interfere with the assay. A proposal of the reaction pathway was presented.International Journal of Biomedical Science. 01/2008;
Article: Simultaneous Analysis of Losartan Potassium, Amlodipine Besylate, and Hydrochlorothiazide in Bulk and in Tablets by High-Performance Thin Layer Chromatography with UV-Absorption Densitometry.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A Simple high-performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) method for separation and quantitative analysis of losartan potassium, amlodipine, and hydrochlorothiazide in bulk and in pharmaceutical formulations has been established and validated. After extraction with methanol, sample and standard solutions were applied to silica gel plates and developed with chloroform : methanol : acetone : formic acid 7.5 : 1.3 : 0.5 : 0.03 (v/v/v/v) as mobile phase. Zones were scanned densitometrically at 254 nm. The R(f) values of amlodipine besylate, hydrochlorothiazide, and losartan potassium were 0.35, 0.57, and 0.74, respectively. Calibration plots were linear in the ranges 500-3000 ng per spot for losartan potassium, amlodipine and hydrochlorothiazide, the correlation coefficients, r, were 0.998, 0.998, and 0.999, respectively. The suitability of this method for quantitative determination of these compounds was by validation in accordance with the requirements of pharmaceutical regulatory standards. The method can be used for routine analysis of these drugs in bulk and in formulation.Journal of analytical methods in chemistry. 01/2012; 2012:108281.