Simultaneous determination of captopril and hydrochlorothiazide in human plasma by reverse-phase HPLC from linear gradient elution.
ABSTRACT A simple, rapid and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the simultaneous determination of captopril and hydrochlorothiazide in human plasma samples was developed. Captopril was derivatized with 2,4'-dibromoacetophenone (pBPB) to form a captopril-pBPB adduct. From acidified serum plasma samples, the hydrochlorothiazide and derivatized captopril was extracted with 5 ml ether, then with 5 ml dichloromethane. Effective chromatographic separation was achieved using a C(18) column (DIAMONSIL 150 mmx4 mm i.d., 5 microm) based on an acetonitrile-trifluoroacetic acid-water gradient elution at a flow rate of 1.2 ml/min. The internal standard (IS), derivatized captopril and hydrochlorothiazide were detected at 263 nm and were eluted at 4.2, 6.8 and 16.9 min, respectively. No endogenous substances were found to interfere. The limit of quantification for hydrochlorothiazide and derivatized captopril in plasma were 3.3 and 7 ng/ml. The calibration curve for derivatized captopril showed linearity in the range 20-4000 ng/ml, with a regression coefficient corresponding to 0.9993 and the coefficient of the variation of the points of the calibration curve being lower than 10%. The calibration curve for hydrochlorothiazide showed linearity in the range 10-1200 ng/ml, with a regression coefficient corresponding to 0.9999 and the coefficient of the variation of the points of the calibration curve being lower than 10%. The method was suitably validated and successfully applied to the determination of captopril and hydrochlorothiazide in human plasma samples.
- SourceAvailable from: Omkar D Sherikar[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Accurate, sensitive and reproducible reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC), high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) and ultraviolet (UV) spectrophopometric methods were developed for the concurrent estimation of amlodipine besylate (AMLO), hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) and valsartan (VALS) in bulk and combined tablet dosage forms. For the RP-HPLC method, separation was achieved on a C18 column using potassium dihydrogen orthophosphate buffer (50 mM, pH 3.7) with 0.2% triethylamine as the modifier and acetonitrile in the ratio of 56:44 (v/v) as the mobile phase. Quantification was achieved using a photodiode array detector at 232 nm over a concentration range of 2-25 µg/mL for AMLO, 5-45 µg/mL for HCTZ and 20-150 µg/mL for VALS. For the HPTLC method, the drugs were separated by using ethyl acetate-methanol-toluene-ammonia (7.5:3:2:0.8, v/v/v/v) as the mobile phase. Quantification was achieved using UV detection at 242 nm over a concentration range of 100-600 ng/spot for AMLO, 150-900 ng/spot for HCTZ and 1,200-3,200 ng/spot for VALS. The UV-spectrophotometric simultaneous equation method was based on the measurement of absorbance at three wavelengths; i.e., at 237.6 nm (λ(max) of AMLO), 270.2 nm (λ(max) of HCTZ) and 249.2 nm (λ(max) of VALS) in methanol. Quantification was achieved over the concentration range of 2-20 µg/mL for AMLO, 5-25 µg/mL HCTZ and 10-50 µg/mL for VALS. All methods were validated according to International Conference on Harmonization guidelines and successfully applied to marketed pharmaceutical formulations. Additionally, the three methods were compared statistically by an analysis of variance test, which revealed no significant difference between the proposed methods with respect to accuracy and precision.Journal of chromatographic science 01/2013; · 0.79 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Captopril (CAP) is an orally active angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor and has been widely used for management of hypertension and congestive heart failure. CAP lacks an aromatic chromophore required for facile direct UV detection and also has two chiral centers. These factors can render the determination of CAP in complex matrices challenging. This review covers more than 20 years of analytical research on this drug, focusing mainly on pharmaceutical and biological applications. The primary separation techniques discussed are gas chromatography, liquid chromatography, and capillary electrophoresis. The structures of the CAP derivatizing agents as well as a table summarizing various HPLC methods are provided. A discussion of key recent chromatographic and electrophoretic methods for other ACE inhibitors is also present.Journal of Separation Science 06/2012; 35(10-11):1213-26. · 2.59 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A Simple high-performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) method for separation and quantitative analysis of losartan potassium, amlodipine, and hydrochlorothiazide in bulk and in pharmaceutical formulations has been established and validated. After extraction with methanol, sample and standard solutions were applied to silica gel plates and developed with chloroform : methanol : acetone : formic acid 7.5 : 1.3 : 0.5 : 0.03 (v/v/v/v) as mobile phase. Zones were scanned densitometrically at 254 nm. The R(f) values of amlodipine besylate, hydrochlorothiazide, and losartan potassium were 0.35, 0.57, and 0.74, respectively. Calibration plots were linear in the ranges 500-3000 ng per spot for losartan potassium, amlodipine and hydrochlorothiazide, the correlation coefficients, r, were 0.998, 0.998, and 0.999, respectively. The suitability of this method for quantitative determination of these compounds was by validation in accordance with the requirements of pharmaceutical regulatory standards. The method can be used for routine analysis of these drugs in bulk and in formulation.Journal of analytical methods in chemistry. 01/2012; 2012:108281.