Assay of DNA-binding proteins with a dsDNA-coupled plate
ABSTRACT This paper fabricated a cost-effective dsDNA-coupled plate (dcPlate) and applied it to measure the abundance and DNA-binding activity of a DNA-binding protein (DBP).
The dcPlate was manufactured by covalently immobilizing an amino-modified oligonucleotide in wells of the plate coated with N-oxysuccinimide esters. The dcPlate was applied to measure the abundance of DNA-binding activity of a DBP in the same four steps, including protein incubation, primary antibody binding, enzyme-linked secondary antibody binding, and colorimetric development.
The detections of three purified DBPs including NF-kappaB, AP1 and SP1, and HeLa cell nuclear extract and assays of DNA-binding activity of NF-kappaB p50 to five various DNA sequences demonstrated that dcPlate can be used to measure the abundance of DBPs quantitatively and assay DNA-binding activity of DBPs in high throughputs format.
The homemade cost-effective dcPlate provides a simple and versatile platform for studying DBPs.
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- "The assays for the affinity of the DNA-binding domains of Grh and bFtzF1 to oligomers harbouring predicted recognition sequences in the promoter region of putative target genes were based on the nonradioactive protocol developed by Wang et al. (2006). The DNA-binding domains of Grh (Uv et al., 1994) and bFtzF1 (Ohno et al., 1994) were fused to glutathione S-transferase (GST) in the expression vector pGex-4T1 (GE Healthcare, Fairfield, CT, USA). "
ABSTRACT: The arthropod epidermis is an epithelium that deposits the apical cuticle, which is a stratified extracellular matrix (ECM) protecting the animal against pathogens, preventing dehydration and also serving as an exoskeleton. Differentiation of the cuticle conceivably implies coordinated production, secretion and localization of its components. The underlying molecular mechanisms are poorly explored. In this work, we show that the transcription factor Grainy head and the steroid hormone ecdysone drive the production of two partially overlapping sets of cuticle factors. Nevertheless, Grainy head is needed to modulate the expression of ecdysone signalling factors; the significance of this cross-talk is yet unclear. In addition, we found that ecdysone signalling negatively regulates its own impact. In conclusion, our findings suggest that at least two independently triggered pathways have evolved in parallel to cooperatively ensure the stereotypic implementation of the cuticle. As Grainy head is also essential for epithelial differentiation in vertebrates, we speculate that it acts to decode the ancient skin programme common to all animals. Full differentiation of the skin necessitates a second, complementing taxon-specific programme that requires its own decoder, which is represented by ecdysone in arthropods, whereas the vertebrate specific one remains to be identified.Insect Molecular Biology 03/2012; 21(3):283-95. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2583.2012.01134.x · 2.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Peptidyl prolyl cis-trans isomerase (PPIase) interacting with NIMA-1 (Pin1) catalyzes the cis-trans isomerization of pSer/pThr-Pro amide bonds. Pin1 is a two-domain protein that represents a promising target for the treatment of cancer. Both domains of Pin1 bind the pSer/pThr-Pro motif; PPIase enzymatic activity occurs in the catalytic domain, and the WW domain acts as a recognition module for the pSer/pThr-Pro motif. An assay we call an enzyme-linked enzyme-binding assay (ELEBA) was developed to measure the K(d) of ligands that bind selectively to the WW domain. A ligand specific for the WW domain of Pin1 was covalently immobilized in a 96-well plate. Commercially available Pin1 conjugated to horseradish peroxidase was used for chemiluminescent detection of ligands that block the association of the WW domain with immobilized ligand. The peptide ligands were derived from the cell cycle regulatory phosphatase, Cdc25c, residues 45-50. The K(d) values for Fmoc-VPRpTPVGGGK-NH2 and Ac-VPRpTPV-NH2 were determined to be 36+/-4 and 110+/-30 microM, respectively. The ELEBA offers a selective approach for detecting ligands that bind to the Pin1 WW domain, even in the presence of the catalytic domain. This method may be applied to any dual specificity, multidomain protein.Analytical Biochemistry 03/2010; 402(1):77-82. DOI:10.1016/j.ab.2010.03.018 · 2.22 Impact Factor