Assay of DNA-binding proteins with a dsDNA-coupled plate
ABSTRACT This paper fabricated a cost-effective dsDNA-coupled plate (dcPlate) and applied it to measure the abundance and DNA-binding activity of a DNA-binding protein (DBP).
The dcPlate was manufactured by covalently immobilizing an amino-modified oligonucleotide in wells of the plate coated with N-oxysuccinimide esters. The dcPlate was applied to measure the abundance of DNA-binding activity of a DBP in the same four steps, including protein incubation, primary antibody binding, enzyme-linked secondary antibody binding, and colorimetric development.
The detections of three purified DBPs including NF-kappaB, AP1 and SP1, and HeLa cell nuclear extract and assays of DNA-binding activity of NF-kappaB p50 to five various DNA sequences demonstrated that dcPlate can be used to measure the abundance of DBPs quantitatively and assay DNA-binding activity of DBPs in high throughputs format.
The homemade cost-effective dcPlate provides a simple and versatile platform for studying DBPs.
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ABSTRACT: Peptidyl prolyl cis-trans isomerase (PPIase) interacting with NIMA-1 (Pin1) catalyzes the cis-trans isomerization of pSer/pThr-Pro amide bonds. Pin1 is a two-domain protein that represents a promising target for the treatment of cancer. Both domains of Pin1 bind the pSer/pThr-Pro motif; PPIase enzymatic activity occurs in the catalytic domain, and the WW domain acts as a recognition module for the pSer/pThr-Pro motif. An assay we call an enzyme-linked enzyme-binding assay (ELEBA) was developed to measure the K(d) of ligands that bind selectively to the WW domain. A ligand specific for the WW domain of Pin1 was covalently immobilized in a 96-well plate. Commercially available Pin1 conjugated to horseradish peroxidase was used for chemiluminescent detection of ligands that block the association of the WW domain with immobilized ligand. The peptide ligands were derived from the cell cycle regulatory phosphatase, Cdc25c, residues 45-50. The K(d) values for Fmoc-VPRpTPVGGGK-NH2 and Ac-VPRpTPV-NH2 were determined to be 36+/-4 and 110+/-30 microM, respectively. The ELEBA offers a selective approach for detecting ligands that bind to the Pin1 WW domain, even in the presence of the catalytic domain. This method may be applied to any dual specificity, multidomain protein.Analytical Biochemistry 03/2010; 402(1):77-82. DOI:10.1016/j.ab.2010.03.018 · 2.22 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The transcription factor nuclear factor kappa B (NFkappaB) is found in nearly all animal cell types. It is involved in cellular responses to stimuli such as stress, cytokines, free radicals, ultraviolet irradiation, oxidized LDL and microbial antigens, and has been shown to regulate the expression of a number of genes including bcl-2, bcl-xl, cIAP, suvivin, TRAF, COX-2, MMP-9, iNOS and cell cycle-regulatory components. Many carcinogens, inflammatory agents and tumor promoters have been shown to activate NFkappaB, and resulting tumors demonstrate misregulated NFkappaB. Incorrect regulation of NFkappaB has been linked to inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, septic shock, viral infection and improper immune development. Aberrant regulation of NFkappaB is involved in cancer development and progression as well as in drug resistance. Inhibitors of NFkappaB mediate effects potentially leading to antitumor responses or greater sensitivity to the action of antitumor agents. Tools have been developed for the rapid assessment of NFkappaB activity, so in concert with a better understanding of NFkappaB activation mechanisms, many agents capable of suppressing NFkappaB activation have been identified. The present article focuses on the functions of NFkappaB, its role in human cancer and the therapeutic potential and benefit of targeting NFkappaB by natural products in cancer chemoprevention.Phytotherapy Research 07/2010; 24(7):949-63. DOI:10.1002/ptr.3171 · 2.40 Impact Factor