Expression of canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) proteins in human glomerular mesangial cells.
ABSTRACT Mesangial cells are located within glomerular capillary loops and contribute to the physiological regulation of glomerular hemodynamics. The function of mesangial cells is controlled by a variety of ion channels in the plasma membrane, including nonselective cation channels, receptor-operated Ca2+ channels, and recently identified store-operated Ca2+ channels. Although the significance of these channels has been widely acknowledged, their molecular identities are still unknown. Recently, the members of the canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) protein family have been demonstrated to behave as cation channels. The present study was performed to identify the isoforms of endogenous TRPC proteins in human mesangial cells (HMCs) and their interactions. Western blotting showed that TRPC1, 3, 4, and 6 were expressed in cultured HMCs. Consistently, immunofluorescent confocal microscopy revealed specific stainings for TRPC1, 3, 4, and 6 with predominant intracellular localization. However, TRPC5 and 7 were not detectable at protein level by either Western blotting or immunofluorescent staining. The expression of TRPC1, 3, 4, and 6 was also observed in rat and human glomeruli using fluorescent immunohistochemistry. Furthermore, coimmunoprecipitation experiments and immunofluorescent double staining displayed that TRPC1 had physical interaction with TRPC4 and 6, while no interactions were detected among other isoforms of TRPCs. Ca2+ fluorescent ratiometry measurement showed that store-operated Ca2+ entry in HMCs was significantly reduced by knocking down TRPC1, but enhanced by overexpressing TRPC1. These results suggest that HMCs specifically express isoforms of TRPC1, 3, 4, and 6 proteins. These isoforms of TRPCs might selectively assemble to form functional complexes.
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ABSTRACT: This study investigated the changes in intracellular [Ca2+]i (intracellular calcium ion concentration) and TRPC6 (transient receptor potential channel 6) expression during angiotensin II (AngII)-induced glomerular mesangial cell (GMC) proliferation, as well as the inhibitory effect of losartan. GMC cultures were split into four groups treated for 24 h: Group N (blank control group), Group A (10-7 mol/L AngII), Group LT (10-7 mol/L AngII and 10-5 mol/L losartan), and Group Pred (10-7 mol/L AngII and 10-5 mol/L prednisone). GMCs proliferation was measured by the MTT and trypan blue assays. The distribution of TRPC6 was monitored by immunofluorescence, the expression of TRPC6 was detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting, and [Ca2+]i was measured by laser scanning confocal microscopy. The results showed that the maximal proliferation of GMCs was induced by treatment with 10-7 mol/L AngII for 24 h. In Group A, the distribution of TRPC6 was not uniform in the cell membrane, there was increased accumulation of this protein within the cytoplasm, and the increased expression of TRPC6 and [Ca2+]i was consistent with the proliferation of cells. In Group LT, losartan inhibited the proliferation of GMCs significantly, the levels of TRPC6 and [Ca2+]i were diminished, and the distribution of TRPC6 was improved. Prednisone also significantly inhibited the proliferation of GMCs and had no effects on the expression of TRPC6 and [Ca2+]i in Group Pred. These findings suggested that AngII could enhance the expression of TRPC6, increase [Ca2+]i, and demonstrate a time-dose-response relationship with the proliferation of GMCs, while losartan reversed the effect of AngII on GMC proliferation.Clinical and Experimental Medicine 03/2013; · 2.83 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A key role for podocytes in the pathogenesis of proteinuric renal diseases has been established. Angiotensin II causes depolarization and increased intracellular calcium concentration in podocytes; members of the cation TRPC channels family, particularly TRPC6, are proposed as proteins responsible for calcium flux. Angiotensin II evokes calcium transient through TRPC channels and mutations in the gene encoding the TRPC6 channel result in the development of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Here we examined the effects of angiotensin II on intracellular calcium ion levels and endogenous channels in intact podocytes of freshly isolated decapsulated mouse glomeruli. An ion channel with distinct TRPC6 properties was identified in wild-type, but was absent in TRPC6 knockout mice. Single-channel electrophysiological analysis found that angiotensin II acutely activated native TRPC-like channels in both podocytes of freshly isolated glomeruli and TRPC6 channels transiently overexpressed in CHO cells; the effect was mediated by changes in the channel open probability. Angiotensin II evoked intracellular calcium transients in the wild-type podocytes, which was blunted in TRPC6 knockout glomeruli. Pan-TRPC inhibitors gadolinium and SKF 96365 reduced the response in wild-type glomerular epithelial cells, whereas the transient in TRPC6 knockout animals was not affected. Thus, angiotensin II-dependent activation of TRPC6 channels in podocytes may have a significant role in the development of kidney diseases.Kidney International advance online publication, 19 March 2014; doi:10.1038/ki.2014.71.Kidney International 03/2014; · 8.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The recent genome-wide association studies reveal that chromosome 3q resides within the linkage region for diabetic nephropathy (DN) in type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T1D and T2D). The TRPC1 gene is on chromosome 3q22-24, and it has been demonstrated that TRPC1 expression is reduced in the kidney of diabetic animal models. Genetic association of TRPC1 polymorphism with T1D and DN has been reported in European Americans. However, there are no studies reporting the association of TRPC1 genetic polymorphism with T2D with and without DN in Chinese population. This study aimed to demonstrate the genetic role of TRPC1 in the development of T2D with and without DN in Chinese Han population. A genetic association study of TRPC1 was performed in T2D cases and in nondiabetic controls from Han population located in Northern Chinese areas. Six tag single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers derived from HapMap data were genotyped. Among the six SNPs, only rs7638459 was suspected as risk factor of T2D without DN, fitting the log-additive model. The adjusted odds ratio (OR) for the CC genotyping was 2.39 (95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.00-5.68), compared with the TT genotyping. In addition, rs953239 was found to be a protective factor of getting DN in T2D, also fitting the log-additive model. When compared with the AA genotyping for SNP rs953239, the adjusted OR for CC genotyping was 0.63 (95% CI = 0.44-0.99). To summarize, this study shows that TRPC1 genetic polymorphisms are associated with T2D and DN in T2D in the Han Chinese population.Endocrine Research 01/2013; 38(2):59-68. · 1.03 Impact Factor