Bone morphogenetic protein 7 is widely overexpressed in primary breast cancer
ABSTRACT Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP) make up a family of extracellular signaling molecules that play a critical role in vertebrate development and both inhibit and stimulate growth in cancer cells. BMP7 was recently identified in our genomewide copy number and expression survey as being activated through amplification in breast cancer cell lines. In the present study, we further explored BMP7 gene copy number and expression changes in 22 breast cancer cell lines and 146 primary breast tumors. FISH analysis revealed that BMP7 copy number varied greatly from one cell line to another, with three cell lines showing extremely high-level amplification. Among primary tumors, BMP7 copy number was increased in 16% of the cases. BMP7 mRNA expression was determined in the cell lines and in a subset of 44 tumor samples by RT-PCR or quantitative real-time RT-PCR, respectively. Despite elevated mRNA levels in cancer cells, there was no significant association between copy number increase and mRNA expression, even though the highest expression was seen in cell lines and tumors with increased BMP7 copy number. Most interestingly, immunohistochemical analysis revealed BMP7 protein staining in all 11 breast cancer cell lines examined and strongly elevated BMP7 protein expression in 71.4% of the tumor samples as compared to normal mammary epithelium. Our results illustrate the frequent involvement of BMP7 alterations in breast cancer and especially highlight overexpression of the BMP7 protein in a very large fraction of primary breast tumors, thus suggesting a possible functional role for BMP7 in breast cancer development.
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ABSTRACT: Bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP-7) is a signalling molecule belonging to the transforming growth factor--superfamily. Recent studies have demonstrated the clinical impact of BMP-7 expression in various human cancers. However, there have been few reports detailing this in gastric cancer. We immunohistochemically investigated the expression of BMP-7 in 233 gastric cancer patients to disclose the clinicopathological features of BMP-7-positive gastric cancer. Immunohistochemically, in human gastric cancer, BMP-7 expression was identified in cellular membranes but also in the cytoplasm of cancer cells. Bone morphogenetic protein-7-positive expression was found in 129 of 233 patients (55%). Bone morphogenetic protein-7 expression was correlated with tumour size, nodal involvement, lymphatic invasion, venous invasion and histology (P<0.05). Bone morphogenetic protein-7 expression was significantly correlated with patient postoperative outcome, especially in the undifferentiated group. Multivariate analysis revealed BMP-7 expression as one of the independent prognostic factors next to the depth of invasion and nodal involvement (P<0.01). From the data collected, it would be appropriate to conclude on the possible regulation of gastric cancer progression by autocrine or paracrine BMP-7 loops. We can use BMP-7 expression as one of the strong predictors of risk of tumour recurrence in gastric cancer.British Journal of Cancer 02/2011; 104(4):714-8. DOI:10.1038/sj.bjc.6606075 · 4.82 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) were first studied as growth factors or morphogens of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily. These growth molecules, originally associated with bone and cartilage development, are now known to play an important role in morphogenesis and homeostasis in many other tissues. More recently, significant contributions from BMPs, their receptors, and interacting molecules have been linked to carcinogenesis and tumor progression. On the other hand, BMPs can sometimes function as a tumor suppressor. Our report highlights these new roles in the pathogenesis of cancer that may suggest novel targets for therapeutic intervention.Cytokine & growth factor reviews 08/2010; 21(4):299-313. DOI:10.1016/j.cytogfr.2010.06.003 · 6.54 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We analyzed expression of candidate genes encoding cell surface or secreted proteins in normal kidney and kidney cancer. This screen identified a bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) antagonist, SOSTDC1 (sclerostin domain-containing-1) as down-regulated in kidney tumors. To confirm screening results, we probed cDNA dot blots with SOSTDC1. The SOSTDC1 message was decreased in 20/20 kidney tumors compared with normal kidney tissue. Immunohistochemistry confirmed significant decrease of SOSTDC1 protein in clear cell renal carcinomas relative to normal proximal renal tubule cells (p < 0.001). Expression of SOSTDC1 was not decreased in papillary and chromophobe kidney tumors. SOSTDC1 was abundantly expressed in podocytes, distal tubules, and transitional epithelia of the normal kidney. Transfection experiments demonstrated that SOSTDC1 is secreted and binds to neighboring cells and/or the extracellular matrix. SOSTDC1 suppresses both BMP-7-induced phosphorylation of R-Smads-1, -5, and -8 and Wnt-3a signaling. Restoration of SOSTDC1 in renal clear carcinoma cells profoundly suppresses proliferation. Collectively, these results demonstrate that SOSTDC1 is expressed in the human kidney and decreased in renal clear cell carcinoma. Because SOSTDC1 suppresses proliferation of renal carcinoma cells, restoration of SOSTDC1 signaling may represent a novel target in treatment of renal clear cell carcinoma.Molecular biology of the cell 02/2008; 19(2):457-64. DOI:10.1091/mbc.E07-05-0433 · 5.98 Impact Factor