Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for quantitative determination of capsular polysaccharide production in Streptococcus pneumoniae clinical isolates.
ABSTRACT A simple, specific, sensitive and reproducible ELISA has been developed to quantify the level of CPS (capsular polysaccharide) production in supernatants of Streptococcus pneumoniae cell cultures. CPSs from Strep. pneumoniae have been widely used as vaccine antigens. The quantification method is based on two type-23F serotype-specific polyclonal antibodies: IgG, purified from sera of mice immunized with a pneumococcal type-23F CPS conjugate, used in the coating step, and a serotype-specific rabbit serum as the second antibody. Solutions of purified type-23F CPS were used as standards. The relationship between A(492) and type-23F CPS concentration was linear over the range 1-310 ng/ml (r=0.989), with 1 ng/ml as the lower limit of sensitivity. The specificity of ELISA was assessed because purified type-19F CPS and cell-wall polysaccharide samples were not detected after their evaluation by the ELISA described in the present study. Repeatability and intermediate precision of the assay were good, the coefficients of variation being 3 and 10% respectively. This ELISA allowed selection of an appropriate vaccine strain, for a natural polysaccharide vaccine, among several 23F pneumococcal clinical isolates and constituted a valuable analytical tool for Strep. pneumoniae fermentation and CPS purification follow-up.
- SourceAvailable from: James C Paton[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The capacity of Streptococcus pneumoniae to produce capsular polysaccharide (CPS) is essential for virulence. The CPS biosynthesis proteins CpsB, CpsC, and CpsD function to regulate CPS production via tyrosine phosphorylation of CpsD. This mechanism of regulating CPS production is important for enabling S. pneumoniae to cause invasive disease. Here, we identify mutations affecting the attachment of CPS to the cell wall. These mutations were located in cpsC, such that CpsC functioned independently from CpsD tyrosine phosphorylation. These mutants produced WT levels of CPS, but were unable to cause bacteremia in mice after intranasal challenge. This finding suggests that cell-wall attachment of CPS is essential for invasive pneumococcal disease; production of WT levels of CPS alone is not sufficient. We also show that cpsB mutants, which lack the phosphotyrosine-protein phosphatase, produced less CPS than the WT strain, but attached substantially more CPS to their cell wall. Thus, the phosphorylated form of CpsD promotes attachment of CPS to the cell wall.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 06/2006; 103(22):8505-10. · 9.74 Impact Factor