Article

S65C and other mutations in the haemochromatosis gene in the Czech population.

Center of Biomedical Sciences, Division of Cell and Molecular Biology, 3rd Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.
Folia biologica (Impact Factor: 0.78). 02/2005; 51(6):172-6.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT HFE-linked hereditary haemochromatosis is a common autosomal recessive disease among Caucasians. The primary pathogenetic mechanism is excessive absorption of iron, which is deposited in various organs with their subsequent damage. In 1996 the gene responsible for haemochromatosis was detected--the HFE gene and its major mutation C282Y. The discovery of further mutations followed. Two sites of point mutations in the HFE gene, C282Y and H63D, are associated with more than 80% of haemochromatosis cases. Another mutation-- S65C--was detected on 8% of chromosomes of haemochromatosis patients, which were negative for mutations C282Y or H63D. The objective of this study was to identify the allele frequency of S65C and other HFE mutations in the Czech population. DNA extracted from 481 randomly selected newborn screening cards (Guthrie cards) from all over the country was analysed by PCR-RFLP. No (0%) sample was identified as homozygous for S65C or C282Y mutation and 8 (1.67%) were homozygous for H63D mutation. Twelve (2.49%) samples were S65C heterozygous, 33 (6.86%) samples were C282Y heterozygous, and 128 (26.61%) were H63D heterozygous. Of these, 11 (2.29%) carried one copy of each mutation, i.e. were compound heterozygous. Two samples were S65C/H63D compound heterozygous and nine were C282Y/H63D compound heterozygous. Allele frequencies for S65C, C282Y, and H63D were 1.25% (95% CI, +/- 0.70), 3.43% (95% CI, +/- 1.15), and 14.97% (95% CI, +/- 2.25), respectively. The observed genotype frequency for S65C, C282Y, and H63D mutations in the Czech Republic agrees with those reported for other Central European populations.

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    • "QiaAmp DNA Mini Kit spin columns (QIAGEN GmbH, Hilden, Germany) for DNA extraction from peripheral blood leukocytes were used and the extraction was performed according to the manufacturer's instructions. Examination of the HFE gene for the presence of mutations (C282Y, H63D, and S65C) used the PCR-RFLP method, as described previously [19] "
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to identify the prevalence of HFE gene mutations in Czech patients with chronic liver diseases and the influence of the mutations on iron status. The presence of HFE gene mutations (C282Y, H63D, and S65C) analyzed by the PCR-RFLP method, presence of cirrhosis, and serum iron indices were compared among 454 patients with different chronic liver diseases (51 with chronic hepatitis B, 122 with chronic hepatitis C, 218 with alcoholic liver disease, and 63 patients with hemochromatosis). Chronic liver diseases patients other than hemochromatics did not have an increased frequency of HFE gene mutations compared to controls. Although 33.3% of patients with hepatitis B, 43% of patients with hepatitis C, and 73.2% of patients with alcoholic liver disease had elevated transferrin saturation or serum ferritin levels, the presence of HFE gene mutations was not significantly associated with iron overload in these patients. Additionally, patients with cirrhosis did not have frequencies of HFE mutations different from those without cirrhosis. This study emphasizes the importance, not only of C282Y, but also of the H63D homozygous genetic constellation in Czech hemochromatosis patients. Our findings show that increased iron indices are common in chronic liver diseases but {\it HFE} mutations do not play an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic hepatitis B, chronic hepatitis C, and alcoholic liver disease.
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    • "The Ecuadorian population shows S65C allelic frequency of 0.04, the highest found so far (Oliveira et al., 2006). HH of lesser severity is also associated with the presence of H63D/S65C and C282Y/ S65C composed heterozygosity (Cimburová et al., 2005; Oliveira et al., 2006). In Brazil, no study was yet conducted to determine S65C mutation frequency in a representative sample of the population. "
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    ABSTRACT: An analysis of the frequency of H63D (c.187C>G) mutations in the HFE gene in 19 populations from Central Eurasia demonstrated that the distribution of the mutation in the region of interest was not uniform and that there were the areas of H63D accumulation. The investigation of three polymorphic variants, c.340+4T>C (rs2071303, IVS2(+4)T>C), c.893-44T>C (rs1800708, IVS4(-44)T>C), and c.1007-47G>A (rs1572982, IVS5(-47)A>G), in the HFE gene in individuals homozygous for H63D mutations in the HFE gene revealed the linkage of H63D with three haplotypes, *CTA, *TTG, and *TTA. These findings indicated the partial spread of the mutation in Central Eurasia from Western Europe, as well as the possible repeated appearance of the mutation on the territory on interest.
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