Rural-to-urban migrants and the HIV epidemic in China.

Department of Health Policy and Management, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA.
AIDS and Behavior (Impact Factor: 3.49). 08/2006; 10(4):421-30. DOI: 10.1007/s10461-005-9039-5
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT China is the next probable frontier for the global HIV epidemic. Central to this anticipated growth of the epidemic is the nation's new and growing population of rural-to-urban migrants. Although there are an estimated 120 million migrants, little information is available about their social and cultural context of their lives in urban areas and their HIV-related perceptions and behaviors. On the basis of the in-depth individual interviews conducted among 90 rural-to-urban migrants in 2 major Chinese cities, Beijing and Nanjing, this qualitative study was designed to explore these issues with a particular focus on their relevance to sexual transmission of HIV. The findings suggest an urgent need for HIV/STI prevention programs that address the cultural, social, and economic constraints facing the migrant population in China.

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