Safety and efficacy of vardenafil, a selective phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor, in patients with erectile dysfunction and arterial hypertension treated with multiple antihypertensives.
ABSTRACT Vardenafil, a phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitor, was evaluated in a prospective trial in the primary care setting involving hypertensive men with ED who were receiving at least one antihypertensive medication.
To investigate the safety and efficacy of flexible-dose vardenafil therapy compared with placebo in PDE5 inhibitor-naïve subjects with arterial hypertension and ED.
In this multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 354 patients received placebo or vardenafil (5-20 mg) for 12 weeks. Primary efficacy measures were diary responses to the Sexual Encounter Profile (SEP) questions 2 (vaginal insertion) and 3 (maintenance of erection). Additional efficacy measures included positive responses to the Global Assessment Question (GAQ).
Compared with placebo, vardenafil significantly improved mean SEP2 and SEP3 success rates over the 12-week study period (intention-to-treat [ITT] and last observation carried forward [LOCF]) analysis). For LOCF, SEP2 and SEP3 were 83% for vardenafil vs. 58% for placebo and 67% for vardenafil vs. 35% for placebo, respectively (P<0.0001 vs. placebo). Improved erections (GAQ) were experienced by 80% of vardenafil-treated patients at study end, compared with 40% for placebo (P<0.0001, LOCF). The most commonly reported treatment-emerging adverse events were headache (3.1%) and flushing (1.6%), which were mild-to-moderate and transient in nature. Importantly, there were no significant changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure or heart rate between the vardenafil and placebo groups. The average number of antihypertensives used per patient was 1.5 and 1.4 in the vardenafil and placebo groups, respectively. Both the incidence of adverse events and the ability to maintain an erection were unaffected by stratification into distinct subsets according to the class of antihypertensive medication being received.
Vardenafil significantly improves EF in hypertensive men treated with concomitant antihypertensive medication, is well tolerated, and does not significantly affect blood pressure.
- SourceAvailable from: Andrea M Isidori[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The myocardial effects of phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5i) have recently received consideration in several preclinical studies. The risk/benefit ratio in humans remains unclear.BMC Medicine 10/2014; 12(1):185. · 7.28 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Arterial hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and affects approximately one third of the adult population worldwide. The vascular origin of erectile dysfunction is now widely accepted in the vast majority of cases. Erectile dysfunction is frequently encountered in patients with arterial hypertension and greatly affects their quality of life of hypertensive patients and their sexual partners. Therefore, the management of erectile dysfunction in hypertensive patients is of paramount importance. Unfortunately, erectile dysfunction remains under-reported, under-recognized, and under-treated in hypertensive patients, mainly due to the lack of familiarity with this clinical entity by treating physicians. This review aims to discuss the more frequent problems in the management of hypertensive patients with erectile dysfunction and propose ways to overcome these problems in everyday clinical practice.World journal of cardiology. 09/2014; 6(9):908-915.
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ABSTRACT: Increased cardiovascular risk has been associated with reduced response to proerectile drugs. The Italian Society of Andrology and Sexual Medicine (SIAMS) promoted an independent, multicenter study performed in 604 men (55 ± 12 yrs) suffering from erectile dysfunction (ED) to assess multiple health outcomes and response to 6-month vardenafil challenge in a real-life setting. Overall, 30.8% men had metabolic syndrome. Cardiovascular risk stratification revealed a greater number of ED subjects with moderate risk of a major adverse cardiovascular event than the general population (P < 0.01). Age-adjusted pulse pressure was positively correlated with ED severity and negatively with androgens and waist circumference (P < 0.01). A decline in total testosterone was observed with increasing arterial pulse pressure (P < 0.05), which was not accompanied by compensatory LH rise. Follow-up on 185 men treated with vardenafil in an nonrandomized, open, single-arm trial documented a significant rise in IIEF-5 (delta = 6.1 ± 4.8) that was maintained in men with high cardiovascular risk. Mild adverse events occurred in <5%, with no differences between cardiovascular risk classes. In summary, ED is a frequent symptom in patients with an elevated, but often unknown, risk of future cardiovascular events. Androgens predict vascular resistance in ED patients. Vardenafil's response and safety profile were preserved in subjects with higher cardiovascular risk.International journal of endocrinology. 01/2014; 2014:858715.