An alanine in segment 3 of domain III (IIIS3) of the cockroach sodium channel contributes to the low pyrethroid sensitivity of an alternative splice variant.

Department of Entomology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA.
Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (Impact Factor: 3.42). 03/2006; 36(2):161-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.ibmb.2005.11.008
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In a previous study, we showed that two alternative exons (G1 and G2 encoding IIIS3-S4) were involved in the differential sensitivity of two cockroach sodium channel splice variants, BgNa(v)1-1 and BgNa(v)2-1 (previously called KD1 and KD2), to deltamethrin, a pyrethroid insecticide (Tan, et al., 2002b. Alternative splicing of an insect sodium channel gene generates pharmacologically distinct sodium channels. J. Neurosci. 22, 5300-5309.). Here, we report the identification of an amino acid residue in exon G2 that contributes to the low deltamethrin sensitivity of BgNa(v)2-1. Replacement of A1356 in BgNa(v)2-1 with the corresponding V1356 in BgNa(v)1-1 enhanced the sensitivity of the BgNa(v)2-1 channel to deltamethrin by six-fold. Conversely, substitution of V1356 with A1356 in BgNa(v)1-1 produced a recombinant BgNa(v)1-1 channel that was 5-fold more resistant to deltamethrin. These results demonstrate that A1356 contributes to the low sensitivity of BgNa(v)2-1 to deltamethrin. A1356V substitution also shifted the voltage-dependence of activation by 10 mV in the hyperpolarizing direction. Possible mechanisms by which this amino acid change affects the action of pyrethroids on the sodium channel are discussed.


Available from: Bhupinder Khambay, Sep 03, 2014
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