Anti-platelet effects of bioactive compounds isolated from the bark of Rhus verniciflua Stokes.

Quality Control of Herbal Medicine Department, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon 461-24, South Korea.
Journal of Ethnopharmacology (Impact Factor: 2.94). 07/2006; 106(1):62-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.jep.2005.12.015
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT It has previously been shown that EtOAc extracts of Rhus verniciflua Stokes (RVS) inhibit the platelet aggregation response. In this report, bioassay-guided fractionation using ADP-, arachidonic acid-, and collagen-induced human platelet aggregation by a whole blood aggregometer yielded the bioactive compounds isomaltol and pentagalloyl glucose from different highly effective fractions. In addition, column chromatography of fractions from RVS yielded another five compounds: butin, fisetin, sulfuretin, butein and 3,4',7,8-tetrahydroxyflavone. We investigated the effects of bioactive compounds from RVS fractions on several markers of platelet activation using receptor expression on platelet membranes, including glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (CD41), GPIIb/IIIa-like expression (PAC-1) and P-selectin (CD62), and intracelluar calcium mobilization responses by flow cytometry in healthy subjects. Dose-dependent inhibition of platelet aggregation and significantly decreased platelet activation were observed for the isomaltol- and pentagalloyl glucose-treated platelets, respectively. These results show that isomaltol and pentagalloyl glucose from the bark of Rhus verniciflua Stokes have potent anti-platelet activity and emphasize the need to further examine the mechanism of these active compounds for platelet modulation.