Anti-platelet effects of bioactive compounds isolated from the bark of Rhus verniciflua Stokes.
ABSTRACT It has previously been shown that EtOAc extracts of Rhus verniciflua Stokes (RVS) inhibit the platelet aggregation response. In this report, bioassay-guided fractionation using ADP-, arachidonic acid-, and collagen-induced human platelet aggregation by a whole blood aggregometer yielded the bioactive compounds isomaltol and pentagalloyl glucose from different highly effective fractions. In addition, column chromatography of fractions from RVS yielded another five compounds: butin, fisetin, sulfuretin, butein and 3,4',7,8-tetrahydroxyflavone. We investigated the effects of bioactive compounds from RVS fractions on several markers of platelet activation using receptor expression on platelet membranes, including glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (CD41), GPIIb/IIIa-like expression (PAC-1) and P-selectin (CD62), and intracelluar calcium mobilization responses by flow cytometry in healthy subjects. Dose-dependent inhibition of platelet aggregation and significantly decreased platelet activation were observed for the isomaltol- and pentagalloyl glucose-treated platelets, respectively. These results show that isomaltol and pentagalloyl glucose from the bark of Rhus verniciflua Stokes have potent anti-platelet activity and emphasize the need to further examine the mechanism of these active compounds for platelet modulation.
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ABSTRACT: Objectives : Acori Rhizoma is one of the common widely used herbal medicines with diverse bioactive effects. However, little evidence has been reported about the potential anti-platelet activity of Acori Rhizoma. The present study examined the effects on platelet aggregation by Acori Rhizoma. Methods : In this study, we tested the in vitro effect of 16 kinds of Acori Rhizoma extracts by hot water or 70% ethanol on collagen-induced platelet aggregation in human whole blood using the impedance method of aggregometry. Results : Among them, 2 kinds of 70% ethanol extract and 1 kind of hot water extract showed the significant inhibiting effect on whole blood aggregation. In particular, Acorus gramineus extracts were selected as the most effective candidate. Conclusiions : The results from this experiment provide pharmacological evidence for the traditional medicine, suggesting that Acorus gramineus could be help problems of blood circulation more than Acorus tatarinowii.The Korea Journal of Herbology. 01/2010; 25(3).
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ABSTRACT: Objectives : The aim of this study was to examine anti-thrombotic effect of traditional herbal extracts in a rat model of ferric chloride ()-induced carotid arterial thrombosis. Methods : Thirty minutes prior to a 35% application, Sprague Dawley(SD) rats were injected with the 10 types of traditional herbal extracts (100mg/kg, intraperitoneal injection), respectively. The effect of these herbal extracts was examined for time to occlusion(TTO) using the Laser doppler flow meter and measured for thrombus weight (TW) in -induced thrombosis model. Results : In the TTO, Salvia miltiorrhiza (Sm, min, pThe Korea Journal of Herbology. 09/2013; 28(5).
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ABSTRACT: Hot water xylem extracts of Rhus verniciflua Stokes were rich in polyphenol compounds.•The RVE showed estrogenic activity mediated with a stronger binding affinity to ERβ than to ERα.•Butein and sulfuretin has more strong ERβ binding affinity compared with others.•Estrogenic activity of RVE will be helpful for post-menopausal women.Journal of Functional Foods 11/2014; 11. · 4.48 Impact Factor