Two presentations of contact lens-induced papillary conjunctivitis (CLPC) in hydrogel lens wear: local and general.
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to confirm that two distinct clinical presentations of contact lens-induced papillary conjunctivitis (CLPC), local and general, occur in hydrogel lens wear.
Retrospective analyses of 124 CLPC events were identified. The classification of CLPC was based on location and extent of papillae. CLPC was classified as local if papillae were present in one to two areas of the tarsal conjunctiva and general if papillae occurred in three or more areas. The CLPC events were compared with an asymptomatic control group in prospective clinical trials conducted from 1993 until 2003 at two clinical sites, Australia and India. Two hundred sixteen subjects from Australia and 914 subjects from India wore either high Dk silicone hydrogel or low Dk hydrogel lenses on a 6-night (6N) or 30-night extended-wear (EW) schedule. The physiological responses of the ocular surface, including tarsal conjunctiva redness and roughness, number of papillae present, lens fit and performance, and subjective patient symptoms, were measured during each visit at each site. These variables listed were compared between local CLPC groups and asymptomatic controls and general CLPC groups and asymptomatic controls.
Two types of CLPC in hydrogel lens wearers have been confirmed. Of the 124 CLPC events, there were 61 local and 63 general events. Local and general CLPC cases reported significantly greater frequency of symptoms compared with the asymptomatic controls, in particular itching, lens awareness, secretion, and blurred vision (p < 0.1).
The classification of CLPC into two types, local and general, in hydrogel lens wear was confirmed based on presentations at both sites. This distribution of papillae between local and general CLPC may indicate separate etiologies involved in the pathogenesis of the condition.
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ABSTRACT: In clinical practice, there has been a need to grade the magnitude or the severity of the functions and qualities that are assessed in the examination. It is popular to use a four-step grading scale to categorize the severity of clinical findings. The authors discuss clinical grading scales and their influence on the clinician's ability to detect change. These principles have been applied to grades or measures derived from either objective measuring instruments, subjective tests, or techniques in which the clinician makes subjective judgments. A hypothetical data set was used to show the problems associated with using grading scales that are too coarse. The authors presented a mathematic model that helps to estimate the benefits of using use of a finer scale. Data were presented from two separate studies, one on visual acuity measurement and the other on grading nuclear opacity, to show the advantages of using finer scales to enhance the sensitivity of clinical measurement. High levels of concordance between independent observations indicated that the grading scale was too coarse and that these scales needlessly reduced the clinician's ability to detect change in the parameter being assessed. For moderate sensitivity, the size of the scale increments should not exceed one standard deviation of the discrepancy so that the concordance of paired comparisons would not exceed 37%. For fine clinical sensitivity, the size of the scale increments should not exceed one third of the standard deviation of the discrepancy, in which case the concordance of paired comparisons would not exceed 13%. The theory and evidence presented here could prompt re-evaluations of common methods of clinical grading.Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 03/1991; 32(2):422-32. · 3.44 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This report of papillary conjunctivitis induced by a corneal foreign body suggests that papillogenesis may result from physical/mechanical tissue trauma. A case is presented with an epithelialized corneal foreign body in the peripheral cornea during a 9-month period. The overlying corneal epithelial surface was elevated, and corresponding upper tarsal conjunctiva revealed localized, elevated papillae. One month after the foreign body was excised, the papillae resolved. An epithelialized foreign body, elevated cornea, and coincidental papillae support the role of physical trauma for the development of papillae--a feature of the syndrome of contact-lens-associated giant papillary conjunctivitis.Ophthalmologica 02/1988; 196(2):82-6. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Giant papillary conjunctivitis (GPC) is usually a bilateral disease. However, in a small number of cases, GPC can be manifested as a unilateral, or a markedly asymmetrical disease in patients wearing bilateral contact lenses. We reviewed the clinical records of 148 patients with GPC to determine the incidence of unilateral GPC and its causative factors. Specifically, charts were reviewed for data on refractive error, keratometry, lens fit, lens care, lens replacement, and the presence or absence of associated ocular abnormalities (dry eyes, blepharitis, previous injury, or surgery). Fourteen patients with unilateral or markedly asymmetrical disease were identified. Overall, no statistically significant difference was found in lens care, refractive error, or keratometric measurements in the affected and unaffected eyes. While not statistically significant, infrequent lens replacement appears to be an important factor in the development of unilateral GPC. Three patients had a history of wearing an older lens in the GPC eye. Two patients were found with unilateral meibomian gland dysfunction involving the affected eye, and one patient had undergone surgery on the affected eye. No causative factor was identified in eight cases.The CLAO journal: official publication of the Contact Lens Association of Ophthalmologists, Inc 05/1993; 19(2):103-7.