[Virulent properties of hospital strains of bacteria of the Burkholderia cepacia complex, isolated in hospitals of Moscow].
ABSTRACT The results of the study of hospital strains of the B. cepacia complex, isolated in hospitals of Moscow, with the use of phenotypical and molecular-genetic methods are presented. The phenotypical methods made it possible to differentiate Russian strains and classify them with a group of genomovars (I, III, IV). As the result the epidemic importance of the strains with epidemic markers, having specific characteristics for every clinic, was determined. The detection of the collection of genes cepI and cepR in the strains made confirmed the epidemic importance of the stains which had, due to the regulatory "quorum sensing" (QS) system, the potential capacity for inducing infection and persisting in the patient's body. The presence of gene cepR in all strains and the absence of gene cepl in 33% of strains gave evidence to suggest that in some strains the activation of the production of pathogenicity factors required the presence of other bacteria having the fully developed QS system. Thus, the new complex approach with the use of phenotypical and molecular-genetic methods permits more precise identification of the source of hospital infection induced by the bacteria of the B. cepacia complex.
Article: Species distribution and antimicrobial susceptibility of gram-negative aerobic bacteria in hospitalized cancer patients.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Nosocomial infections pose significant threats to hospitalized patients, especially the immunocompromised ones, such as cancer patients. This study examined the microbial spectrum of gram-negative bacteria in various infection sites in patients with leukemia and solid tumors. The antimicrobial resistance patterns of the isolated bacteria were studied. The most frequently isolated gram-negative bacteria were Klebsiella pneumonia (31.2%) followed by Escherichia coli (22.2%). We report the isolation and identification of a number of less-frequent gram negative bacteria (Chromobacterium violacum, Burkholderia cepacia, Kluyvera ascorbata, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Yersinia pseudotuberculosis, and Salmonella arizona). Most of the gram-negative isolates from Respiratory Tract Infections (RTI), Gastro-intestinal Tract Infections (GITI), Urinary Tract Infections (UTI), and Bloodstream Infections (BSI) were obtained from leukemic patients. All gram-negative isolates from Skin Infections (SI) were obtained from solid-tumor patients. In both leukemic and solid-tumor patients, gram-negative bacteria causing UTI were mainly Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae, while gram-negative bacteria causing RTI were mainly Klebsiella pneumoniae. Escherichia coli was the main gram-negative pathogen causing BSI in solid-tumor patients and GITI in leukemic patients. Isolates of Escherichia coli, Klebsiella, Enterobacter, Pseudomonas, and Acinetobacter species were resistant to most antibiotics tested. There was significant imipenem -resistance in Acinetobacter (40.9%), Pseudomonas (40%), and Enterobacter (22.2%) species, and noticeable imipinem-resistance in Klebsiella (13.9%) and Escherichia coli (8%). This is the first study to report the evolution of imipenem-resistant gram-negative strains in Egypt. Mortality rates were higher in cancer patients with nosocomial Pseudomonas infections than any other bacterial infections. Policies restricting antibiotic consumption should be implemented to avoid the evolution of newer generations of antibiotic resistant-pathogens.Journal of Translational Medicine 03/2009; 7:14. · 3.41 Impact Factor