Mechanistic investigation of the isomerization of 5-vinyl-2-norbornene.
ABSTRACT The isomerization reaction of 5-vinyl-2-norbornene (VNB) to 5-ethylidene-2-norbornene (ENB) has been performed using a catalytic system consisting of an alkali metal hydride and an amine. Among various amines tested, only aliphatic 1,2-diamines exhibited the activity for the isomerization. The isomerization was also affected by the alkali metal hydride employed. The activity of the alkali metal hydride increased with the increasing size of alkali metal: KH > NaH > LiH. A series of electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and UV-vis experiments on the active species suggest that the isomerization of VNB proceeds through a radical mechanism.
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ABSTRACT: The preparation of potassium hydride as a 1:1 homogenate with paraffin, termed KH(P), is reported. KH(P), a solid at room temperature, is stable without special handling. On suspension in THF with a phosphonium salt, KH(P) rapidly generates the ylide. Wittig condensation with aromatic, aliphatic, and alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehydes proceeds with high Z selectivity. KH(P) should be a generally useful base for organic synthesis.The Journal of Organic Chemistry 12/2006; 71(23):8973-4. · 4.56 Impact Factor